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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level has been used as a tumor marker for hepatoblastoma, and malignant germ cell tumors in pediatric patients. The AFP has 3 isoforms (L1, L2, L3), and the usefulness of the L3 fraction as a diagnostic marker for the adult hepatocellular carcinoma is well known. However, there are few reports dealing(More)
PURPOSE This study evaluated the stability and risk of single-incision laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure (SILPEC) for pediatric inguinal hernia performed by inexperienced pediatric surgeons versus conventional LPEC procedure. METHODS Between 2011 and 2012, a randomized prospective study was performed comparing SILPEC (n = 37, 16 uni- and(More)
Human epidermal growth factor receptors (HER) play a critical role in the branching morphogenesis of renal tubules. In the current study, we analyzed the expression of HER2 in Wilms tumor and assessed the role of this gene in the tumorgenesis of Wilms tumor. During the period from 1960 to 2005, 40 patients with Wilms tumor were treated in our department.(More)
BACKGROUND The number of operations performed by a surgeon may be an indicator of surgical skill. The hand motions made by a surgeon also reflect skill and level of expertise. We hypothesized that the hand motions of expert and novice surgeons differ significantly, regardless of whether they are familiar with specific tasks during an operation. METHODS(More)
In endoscopic surgery, limited views and lack of tactile sensation restrict the surgeon’s abilities and cause stress to the surgeon. Therefore, an intra-operative navigation system is strongly recommended. We developed an augmented reality (AR) navigation system based on preoperative CT imaging. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness,(More)
The Japanese Society of Pediatric Endoscopic Surgeons developed an endoscopic surgical skill qualification (ESSQ) system. However, this is a subjective system we developed and validated an objective skill evaluation system for pediatric surgeons. In the ESSQ system, the task operation is laparoscopic fundoplication. Therefore, we set up a suture ligature(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The standard palliative chemotherapy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is gemcitabine-based chemotherapy; however, PDAC still presents a major therapeutic challenge. The aims of this study were to investigate the expression pattern of genes involved in gemcitabine sensitivity in resected PDAC tissues and to determine(More)
Pediatric surgeons require highly advanced skills when performing endoscopic surgery; however, their experience is often limited in comparison to general surgeons. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of endoscopic surgery training for less-experienced pediatric surgeons and then compare their skills before and after training. Young(More)
This study aimed to identify detailed differences in laparoscopic surgical processes between expert and novice surgeons in a training environment and demonstrate that surgical process modeling can be used for such detailed analysis. Eleven expert surgeons each of whom had performed $${>}500$$ > 500 laparoscopic procedures were compared with 10 young(More)
The patient is a 3-year-old female diagnosed with PRETEXT IV hepatoblastoma (HB). Although the tumor was decreased after the neoadjuvant chemotherapy, HB still located at the porta hepatis. The patient underwent extended left lobectomy successfully after surgical simulation using three-dimensional (3D) printing liver model based on preoperative CT.