Ryota Nakazato

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BACKGROUND Neural progenitor is a generic term used for undifferentiated cell populations of neural stem, neuronal progenitor and glial progenitor cells with abilities for proliferation and differentiation. We have shown functional expression of ionotropic N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and gamma-aminobutyrate type-A receptors endowed to positively and(More)
Conventional N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NMDAR) is a heteromeric complex between the essential NR1 subunit and one of NR2A-D subunits toward functional channels permeable to Ca(2+) rather than Na(+) ions. Although recent studies identified dominant negative NR3A and NR3B subunits, whether these subunits inhibit Ca(2+) mobilization through NMDAR(More)
The underlying mechanisms are still unclear for the neuroprotective properties of nicotine to date, whereas we have shown functional expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) responsible for the influx of extracellular Ca(2+) in cultured rat cortical astrocytes. In this study, we investigated the possible involvement of astrocytic nAChRs in(More)
Global gene deletion studies in mice and humans have established the pivotal role of runt related transcription factor-2 (Runx2) in both intramembranous and endochondral ossification processes during skeletogenesis. In this study, we for the first time generated mice carrying a conditional Runx2 allele with exon 4, which encodes the Runt domain, flanked by(More)
We have previously demonstrated the functional expression of glutamine (Gln) transporter (GlnT) believed to predominate in neurons for the neurotransmitter glutamate pool by rat neocortical astrocytes devoid of neuronal marker expression, with exacerbated vulnerability to oxidative stress after transient overexpression. To evaluate molecular mechanisms(More)
Clock genes are believed to play a pivotal role in the generation and oscillation of circadian rhythm as a central clock in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus in the mammalian brain. In this study, mRNA expression was for the first time demonstrated with clock genes in both cultured murine microglia and microglial cell line BV-2 cells. Exposure to ATP(More)
We have previously shown that endochondral ossification is finely regulated by the Clock system expressed in chondrocytes during postnatal skeletogenesis. Here we show a sophisticated modulation of bone resorption and bone mass by the Clock system through its expression in bone-forming osteoblasts. Brain and muscle aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear(More)
Posttraumatic stress disorder is a long-lasting psychiatric disease with the consequence of hippocampal atrophy in humans exposed to severe fatal stress. We demonstrated a positive correlation between the transient decline of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) and long-lasting behavioral abnormalities in mice(More)
We have shown marked promotion of both proliferation and neuronal differentiation in pluripotent P19 cells exposed to the green tea amino acid theanine, which is a good substrate for SLC38A1 responsible for glutamine transport. In this study, we evaluated the activity of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase pathway, which participates in protein(More)
We have shown marked promotion of both cluster growth and neuronal specification in pluripotent P19 cells with overexpression of solute carrier 38a1 (Slc38a1), which is responsible for membrane transport of glutamine. In this study, we evaluated pharmacological profiles of the green tea amino acid ingredient theanine, which is a good substrate for glutamine(More)