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The complete TCR alpha/delta locus of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) has been characterized and annotated. In the 900 kb TCR alpha/delta locus, 292 Valpha/delta segments and 123 Jalpha/delta segments were identified. Of these, 128 Valpha/delta, 113 Jalpha, and a Jdelta segment appeared to be functional as they lacked frame shifts or stop codons. This(More)
The Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) T-cell receptor gamma (TCRgamma) gene has extensive diversity in its capacity for antigen recognition due to the V-J-C gene segments recombinational possibilities, and N-region diversity. This is the first report completely characterizing and annotating a TCRgamma gene locus in teleosts. We identified two different TCRgamma(More)
Several genome duplications have occurred in the evolutionary history of teleost fish. In returning to a stable diploid state, the polyploid genome reorganized, and large portions are lost, while the fish lines evolved to numerous species. Large scale transposon movement has been postulated to play an important role in the genome reorganization process. We(More)
Growth hormone (GH) is an important regulator of skeletal growth, as well as other adapted processes in salmonids. The GH gene (gh) in salmonids is represented by duplicated, non-allelic isoforms designated as gh1 and gh2. We have isolated and characterized gh-containing bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) of both Atlantic and Chinook salmon (Salmo(More)
We established a transgenic zebrafish strain expressing chicken lysozyme gene under the control of the Japanese flounder keratin gene promoter, and investigated its resistance to a pathogenic bacterial infection. To generate the lysozyme transgenic construct, Japanese flounder keratin promoter was linked to both the hen egg white (HEW) lyoszyme gene and(More)
An important consideration in transgenic research is the choice of promoter for regulating the expression of a foreign gene. In this study several tissue-specific and inducible promoters derived from Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus were identified, and their promoter activity was examined in transgenic zebrafish. The 5′ flanking regions of the(More)
Recent progress in genome-based breeding has created various fish strains carrying desirable genetic traits; however, methods for the long-term preservation of their genetic resources have not yet been developed, mainly due to the lack of cryopreservation techniques for fish eggs and embryos. Recently, we established an alternative cryopreservation(More)
Although the use of germ cell transplantation has been relatively well established in mammals, the technique has only been adapted for use in fish after entering the 2000s. During the last decade, several different approaches have been developed for germ cell transplantation in fish using recipients of various ages and life stages, such as blastula-stage(More)
The expression vector pTNF-GFP containing the 2351 bp 5' flanking region of Japanese flounder tumor necrosis factor (TNF) gene was linked with the green fluorescence protein (GFP) gene and was introduced into YO-K cells derived from Japanese flounder kidney and HINAE cells derived Japanese flounder embryos. YO-K cells and HINAE cells were incubated with(More)
We identified and characterized the Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) inhibitor kappa B alpha (JFIKBA) cDNA. The JFIKBA cDNA contains an open reading frame of 960bp encoding 320 amino acid residues. JFIKBA contains 6 ankyrin repeats in the central coding region. Expression studies by RT-PCR showed constitutive expression of the JFIKBA gene in(More)