Ryosuke Nakai

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We pyrosequenced the bulk DNA extracted from microorganisms that passed through 0.2-μm-pore-size filters and trapped by 0.1-μm-pore-size filters in the hydrothermal fluid of the Mariana Trough. Using the 454-FLX sequencer, we generated 202,648 sequences with an average length of 173.8 bases. Functional profiles were assigned by the SEED Annotation Engine.(More)
Although the lower size limit of microorganisms was previously believed to be c. 0.2mm, there is evidence for the existence of microorganisms that can pass through 0.2mm-pore-size filters called ultramicrobacteria or nanobacteria. However, information on the phylogeny and biogeography of these bacteria is limited. We obtained 53 isolates of 0.2mm-passable(More)
Aurantimicrobium minutum type strain KNC(T) is a planktonic ultramicrobacterium isolated from river water in western Japan. Strain KNC(T) has an extremely small, streamlined genome of 1,622,386 bp comprising 1,575 protein-coding sequences. The genome annotation suggests that strain KNC(T) has an actinorhodopsin-based photometabolism.
Aquatic mosses of Leptobryum species form unique tower-like pillars of vegetation termed “moss pillars” in Antarctic lakes. Moss pillars have distinct redox-affected sections: oxidative exteriors and reductive interiors. We have proposed that a “pillar” is a community and habitat of functionally interdependent organisms and may represent a mini-biosphere.(More)
Stressful exercise results in temporary immune depression. However, the impact of exercise on the immune responses via toll-like receptor (TLR) 7, which recognizes the common viral genomic feature, single-stranded RNA, remains unclear. To clarify the effect of stressful exercise on immune function in response to viral infection, we measured the changes in(More)
Antarctic “moss pillars” are lake-bottom biocenoses that are primarily comprised of aquatic mosses. The pillars consist of distinct redox-affected sections: oxidative exteriors and reductive interiors. Batteries of SSU rRNA genotypes of eukaryotes, eubacteria, and cyanobacteria, but no archaea, have been identified in these pillars. However, rRNA-based(More)
Aquatic mosses in the genera Bryum and Leptobryum form unique tower-like “moss pillars” underwater in some Antarctic lakes, in association with algae and cyanobacteria. These are communities with a two-layer structure comprising an oxidative exterior and reductive interior. Although habitats and photosynthetic properties of moss pillars have been reported,(More)
A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-motile, curved (selenoid), rod-shaped actinobacterium, designated KNCT, was isolated from the 0.2 μm-filtrate of river water in western Japan. Cells of strain KNCT were ultramicrosized (0.04-0.05 μm3). The strain grew at 15-37 °C, with no observable growth at 10 °C or 40 °C. The pH range for growth was 7-9, with weaker(More)
A phylogenetically novel proteobacterium, strain Shr3(T), was isolated from sand gravels collected from the eastern margin of the Sahara Desert. The isolation strategy targeted bacteria filterable through 0.2-µm-pore-size filters. Strain Shr3(T) was determined to be a Gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, filamentous bacterium. Oxidase and catalase reactions(More)
Oligoflexus tunisiensis Shr3T is the first strain described in the newest (eighth) class Oligoflexia of the phylum Proteobacteria. This strain was isolated from the 0.2-μm filtrate of a suspension of sand gravels collected in the Sahara Desert in the Republic of Tunisia. The genome of O. tunisiensis Shr3T is 7,569,109 bp long and consists of one scaffold(More)