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The FLC gene product is an inhibitor of flowering in Arabidopsis. FLC homologs in Brassica species are thought to control vernalization. We cloned four FLC homologs (BoFLCs) from Brassica oleracea. Three of these, BoFLC1, BoFLC3 and BoFLC5, have been previously characterized. The fourth novel sequence displayed 98% sequence homology to the previously(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was the evaluation of various factors in the formulation of guidelines for treatment of early invasive colorectal cancer, in which malignant cells extend through the muscularis mucosa into the submucosa but do not deeply invade the muscularis propria. METHOD A total of 182 patients were followed for at least five years or(More)
Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and K-ras mutation were analyzed in 111 colorectal polyps and 26 invasive carcinomas from 40 patients with familial adenomatous polyposis of distinct histopathological types. LOH, being less than 2% in moderate adenomas, was detected on chromosome 5q (20%) in severe adenomas, on 5q (26%) and 17p (38%) in intramucosal carcinomas,(More)
RATIONALE At birth, there is a switch from placental to pulmonary circulation and the heart commences its aerobic metabolism. In cardiac myocytes, this transition is marked by increased mitochondrial biogenesis and remodeling of the intracellular architecture. The mechanisms governing the formation of new mitochondria and their expansion within myocytes(More)
OBJECTIVE Obesity is closely associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Omentin is a fat-derived secreted factor that is downregulated in obesity. We investigated whether circulating omentin associates with the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS The consecutive 78 male subjects were enrolled from(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumonia is a major cause of death in patients with cerebral infarction. We assessed morbidity associated with pneumonia in 276 patients 65 years of age or older who were admitted to a long-term care facility. Furthermore, we studied the swallowing reflex during the day and at night and monitored the occurrence of silent aspiration during sleep.(More)
Adipose tissue secretes protein factors that have systemic actions on cardiovascular tissues. Previous studies have shown that ablation of the adipocyte-secreted protein adiponectin leads to endothelial dysfunction, whereas its overexpression promotes wound healing. However, the receptor(s) mediating the protective effects of adiponectin on the vasculature(More)
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) generates tissue ischemia through arterial occlusions and insufficient collateral vessel formation. Vascular insufficiency in PAD occurs despite higher circulating levels of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), a key regulator of angiogenesis. Here we show that clinical PAD is associated with elevated levels of an(More)
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease resulting from interactions between lipids, macrophages and arterial wall cells. The Notch signaling pathway is involved in the activation of macrophages in atherosclerotic lesions. This study examined whether pharmacological inhibition of Notch signaling using a gamma-secretase inhibitor (GSI) can reduce(More)
AIM To study the value of serum biomarker tests to differentiate between patients with healthy or diseased stomach mucosa: i.e. those with Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) gastritis or atrophic gastritis, who have a high risk of gastric cancer or peptic ulcer diseases. METHODS Among 162 Japanese outpatients, pepsinogen I (Pg I) and II (Pg II) were measured(More)