Learn More
Patients with severe hypophosphatasia (HPP) develop osteogenic impairment with extremely low alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, resulting in a fatal course during infancy. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate into various mesenchymal lineages, including bone and cartilage. The efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for(More)
BACKGROUND Sivelestat sodium (sivelestat), a neutrophil elastase inhibitor, is used to treat acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We report two cases that developed elevated C5-acylcarnitine (C5-AC) levels following treatment with sivelestat. Case 1 was a 14-day-old female infant born at 25 weeks and 1 day of gestation who was treated with sivelestat(More)
INTRODUCTION An increasing number of adult patients have been diagnosed with fatty acid β-oxidation disorders with the rising use of diagnostic technologies. In this study, clinical, biochemical, and molecular characteristics of 2 Japanese patients with adult-onset glutaric acidemia type II (GA2) were investigated and compared with those of pediatric cases.(More)
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT-2) deficiency, an autosomal recessive disorder of fatty acid oxidation, can be detected by newborn screening using tandem mass spectrometry (TMS). Our case was a boy born at 38 weeks and 6 days of gestation via normal vaginal delivery; his elder sister was affected with CPT-2 deficiency. Acylcarnitine (AC) was analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Glutaryl carnitine (C5DC) in dried blood spots is used as a biomarker for glutaric aciduria type 1 (GA-1) screening. C5DC, however, is the only screening marker for this condition, and various pathological conditions may interfere with C5DC metabolism. Recently, C5DC elevation has been reported in cases of renal insufficiency. METHOD Five(More)
INTRODUCTION We evaluated the effects of bezafibrate (BEZ) on β-oxidation in fibroblasts obtained from patients with glutaric acidemia type II (GA2) of various clinical severities using an in vitro probe (IVP) assay. METHODS Cultured fibroblasts from 12 patients with GA2, including cases of the neonatal-onset type both with and without congenital(More)
Mitochondrial trifunctional protein (TFP) deficiency is an inherited metabolic disorder of mitochondrial fatty-acid oxidation. Isolated long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency is often reported in Caucasian countries due to a common mutation. However, the molecular and clinical basis of complete TFP deficiency has not been extensively(More)
Mitochondrial trifunctional protein (TFP) is a multienzyme complex that catalyzes the last three steps of the β-oxidation cycle of long-chain fatty acids. In the prenatal diagnosis of TFP deficiency, acylcarnitine (AC) analysis has been considered difficult because of limited excretion of long-chain ACs into the fetal urine and hence into the amniotic(More)
BACKGROUND Carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) II deficiency is one of the most common forms of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation disorder (FAOD). However, newborn screening (NBS) for this potentially fatal disease has not been established partly because reliable indices are not available. METHODS We diagnosed CPT II deficiency in a 7-month-old boy(More)
  • 1