Ryosuke Arauchi

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Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is regarded as one of the efficient treatments for intractable psychiatric disorders, the mechanism of therapeutic action remains unclear. Recently, many studies indicate that ECT affects the immune-related cells, such as microglia, astrocytes, and lymphocytes. Moreover, microglial activation and astrocytic(More)
AIMS Previous studies have supported the claim that psychological stress induces the production of reactive oxygen species. Several authors have suggested that patients with psychiatric disorders show high levels of oxidative stress markers. We examined different oxidative stress markers in patients with chronic schizophrenia. METHODS This study included(More)
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