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Tau from Alzheimer's disease (AD) paired helical filaments (PHF-tau) is phosphorylated at sites not found in autopsy-derived adult tau from normal human brains, and this suggested that PHF-tau is abnormally phosphorylated. To explore this hypothesis, we examined human adult tau from brain biopsies and demonstrated that biopsy-derived tau is phosphorylated(More)
Niemann-Pick Type C disease (NPC) is a cholesterol storage disease with defects in the intracellular trafficking of exogenous cholesterol derived from low density lipoproteins. In NPC cases with a chronic progressive course, neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) that consist of paired helical filaments (PHFs) have been reported. To determine if NPC tangles contain(More)
A new method, which enabled the first immunohistochemical documentation of abnormal prion protein (PrP) in all patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), was established. This method designated as "hydrolytic autoclaving" revealed punctate PrPCJD stainings around the neuronal cell bodies and dendrites in CJD brains. These punctate stainings were almost(More)
Gangliosides, GM3 and GM1, are suggested to accelerate the deposition of the amyloid beta-protein as amyloid angiopathy and senile plaques, respectively, in the Alzheimer brain. We investigated the profile of amyloid deposition in the brains of transgenic mice expressing a mutant amyloid precursor protein with a disrupted GM2 synthase gene, in which GM3(More)
We developed a new immunohistochemical method by which normal tau antigenicity can be visualized in paraffin sections of formalin-fixed brain tissue. This method consists of autoclave pretreatment of sections immersed into distilled water (hydrated autoclaving) before incubation with anti-tau antibodies. In normal human brain, immunoreactive tau was(More)
Iron as well as aluminum is reported to accumulate in neurons with neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. Previously we demonstrated that aluminum (III) shows phosphate-dependent binding with hyperphosphorylated tau (PHFtau), the major constituent of NFTs, thereby inducing aggregation of PHFtau. Herein we report that iron (III)(More)
Cerebral glucose metabolism using positron emission tomography (PET) with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose was examined in 11 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD), 6 patients with probable, and 1 patient with autopsy-confirmed dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) as well as in 10 age-matched normal control subjects. Among widespread cortical regions showing(More)
A case of clival chordoma in a 4-year-old girl is presented. The tumor regrew rapidly after it was partially removed, and the patient died after a clinical course of 11 months. An autopsy revealed a massive clival mass and widespread metastases in the dura mater, skull bone, bilateral lungs, liver, sternum, left humerus, and vertebrae. Pathological findings(More)
The neuronal cytoskeleton is one of the most profoundly altered organelles in late life neuro-degenerative disorders that are characterized by progressive impairments in cognitive abilities. The elucidation of the protein building blocks of these organelles as well as advances in understanding how these proteins become altered in Alzheimer's disease (AD)(More)