Ryong-Woon Shin

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Tau from Alzheimer's disease (AD) paired helical filaments (PHF-tau) is phosphorylated at sites not found in autopsy-derived adult tau from normal human brains, and this suggested that PHF-tau is abnormally phosphorylated. To explore this hypothesis, we examined human adult tau from brain biopsies and demonstrated that biopsy-derived tau is phosphorylated(More)
Iron as well as aluminum is reported to accumulate in neurons with neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. Previously we demonstrated that aluminum (III) shows phosphate-dependent binding with hyperphosphorylated tau (PHFtau), the major constituent of NFTs, thereby inducing aggregation of PHFtau. Herein we report that iron (III)(More)
We developed a new immunohistochemical method by which normal tau antigenicity can be visualized in paraffin sections of formalin-fixed brain tissue. This method consists of autoclave pretreatment of sections immersed into distilled water (hydrated autoclaving) before incubation with anti-tau antibodies. In normal human brain, immunoreactive tau was(More)
Cerebral glucose metabolism using positron emission tomography (PET) with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose was examined in 11 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD), 6 patients with probable, and 1 patient with autopsy-confirmed dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) as well as in 10 age-matched normal control subjects. Among widespread cortical regions showing(More)
The polymorphism at codon 219 of the prion protein gene (PRNP) was found in the general Japanese population with 6% allele frequency. Herein, we examined 85 cases of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) for the codon 219 polymorphism. The codon 219Glu/Lys heterozygous polymorphism was not found in these CJD cases. In addition, we examined 43 patients(More)
A new method, which enabled the first immunohistochemical documentation of abnormal prion protein (PrP) in all patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), was established. This method designated as "hydrolytic autoclaving" revealed punctate PrPCJD stainings around the neuronal cell bodies and dendrites in CJD brains. These punctate stainings were almost(More)
The neuronal cytoskeleton is one of the most profoundly altered organelles in late life neuro-degenerative disorders that are characterized by progressive impairments in cognitive abilities. The elucidation of the protein building blocks of these organelles as well as advances in understanding how these proteins become altered in Alzheimer's disease (AD)(More)
A case of clival chordoma in a 4-year-old girl is presented. The tumor regrew rapidly after it was partially removed, and the patient died after a clinical course of 11 months. An autopsy revealed a massive clival mass and widespread metastases in the dura mater, skull bone, bilateral lungs, liver, sternum, left humerus, and vertebrae. Pathological findings(More)
Here we show that prolyl isomerase Pin1 is involved in the Abeta production central to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Enzyme immunoassay of brains of the Pin1-deficient mice revealed that production of Abeta40 and Abeta42 was lower than that of the wild-type mice, indicating that Pin1 promotes Abeta production in the brain. GST-Pin1 pull-down and(More)
PURPOSE In order to identify supportive evidence of radiation exposure to cells, we analyzed the relationship between exposure to ionizing radiation and the induction of deletions in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). MATERIALS AND METHODS Using human hepatoblastoma cell line, HepG2 and its derivatives, HepG2-A, -89 and -400, established after long term exposure(More)