Learn More
Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with proximal dominant involvement (HMSN-P) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by widespread fasciculations, proximal-predominant muscle weakness, and atrophy followed by distal sensory involvement. To date, large families affected by HMSN-P have been reported from two different regions(More)
There is a growing body of evidence that striosome-matrix dopamine systems are tightly linked with motor and behavioral brain functions and disorders. In this study, we used an immunohistochemical method to show differential expression of the olfactory type G-protein alpha subunit (Galphaolf) that involves in the coupling of dopamine D1 receptor with(More)
Striatal neuropathology of Huntington's disease (HD) involves primary and progressive degeneration of the medium-sized projection neurons, with relative sparing of the local circuit interneurons. The mechanism for such a patterned cell loss in the HD striatum continues to remain unclear. Optineurin (OPTN) is one of the proteins interacting with huntingtin(More)
Abnormal motor behaviors in Parkinson's disease (PD) result from striatal dysfunction due to an imbalance between dopamine and glutamate transmissions that are integrated by dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein of 32 kDa (DARPP-32). c-Abelson tyrosine kinase (c-Abl) phosphorylates cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) at Tyr15 to increase the activity of(More)
Primary Meige syndrome is an idiopathic movement disorder that manifests as craniofacial and often cervical dystonias. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) has emerged as a powerful surgical option in the treatment of primary generalized or segmental dystonia. However, the experience with GPi-DBS in Meige syndrome is limited.(More)
BACKGROUND A missense mutation of the THAP1 gene results in DYT6 primary dystonia. While deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the internal globus pallidus (GPi) is effective in treating primary dystonia, recent reports indicate that GPi DBS is only mildly effective for DYT6 dystonia. OBJECTIVE To describe a patient with DYT6 dystonia who underwent thalamic(More)
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a valuable method for identifying discrete neurochemical molecules by the interaction of target antigens with validated antibodies tagged with a visible label (e.g., peroxidase). We have developed an immunostaining method that is highly sensitive in detection of neurochemical antigens. Our IHC method, which we call the PBTA(More)
In this paper the authors describe two patients with recurrent hemiparesis and limb shaking that gradually progressed to hemichorea. Cerebral angiography confirmed severe unilateral internal carotid artery stenosis (95%) contralateral to the hemichorea. The cerebral blood flow, assessed using N-isopropyl-p-(iodine-123) iodoamphetamine single-photon emission(More)
Because of its unique ability to exert long-lasting synaptic transmission blockade, botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A) is used to treat a wide variety of disorders involving peripheral nerve terminal hyperexcitability. However, it has been a matter of debate whether this toxin has central or peripheral sites of action. We employed a rat model in which BoNT/A1(More)
Interferon-beta (IFN-β) is reported to augment anti-tumor effects by temozolomide in glioblastoma via down-regulation of MGMT. Promyelocytic leukemia (PML), a gene induced by IFN-β, is a tumor suppressor. Here, we report for the first time that in combination therapy, an IFN-β-induced increase in endogenous PML contributes to anti-tumor effects in p53 wild-(More)