Ryoma Morigaki

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Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with proximal dominant involvement (HMSN-P) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by widespread fasciculations, proximal-predominant muscle weakness, and atrophy followed by distal sensory involvement. To date, large families affected by HMSN-P have been reported from two different regions(More)
Endothelial cells (ECs) that line the inner surface of blood vessels are continuously exposed to shear stress induced by blood flow in vivo, and shear stress affects ATP-dependent macromolecular transport in ECs. However, the relationship between the ATP production and shear stress is still unclear. We, therefore, evaluated mitochondrial ATP synthesis(More)
In this paper the authors describe two patients with recurrent hemiparesis and limb shaking that gradually progressed to hemichorea. Cerebral angiography confirmed severe unilateral internal carotid artery stenosis (95%) contralateral to the hemichorea. The cerebral blood flow, assessed using N-isopropyl-p-(iodine-123) iodoamphetamine single-photon emission(More)
The neuron-specific isoform of the TAF1 gene (N-TAF1) is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of DYT3 dystonia, which leads to progressive neurodegeneration in the striatum. To determine the expression pattern of N-TAF1 transcripts, we developed a specific monoclonal antibody against the N-TAF1 protein. Here we show that in the rat brain, N-TAF1(More)
Interferon-beta (IFN-β) is reported to augment anti-tumor effects by temozolomide in glioblastoma via down-regulation of MGMT. Promyelocytic leukemia (PML), a gene induced by IFN-β, is a tumor suppressor. Here, we report for the first time that in combination therapy, an IFN-β-induced increase in endogenous PML contributes to anti-tumor effects in p53 wild-(More)
The authors report a case of choroid plexus papilloma in a girl with hypomelanosis of Ito, and they review the literature in brief. Hypomelanosis of Ito is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by cutaneous hypopigmented whorls, streaks, and patches along lines of Blaschko. Most patients exhibit CNS manifestations, including psychomotor retardation,(More)
There is a growing body of evidence that striosome-matrix dopamine systems are tightly linked with motor and behavioral brain functions and disorders. In this study, we used an immunohistochemical method to show differential expression of the olfactory type G-protein alpha subunit (Galphaolf) that involves in the coupling of dopamine D1 receptor with(More)
Abnormal motor behaviors in Parkinson's disease (PD) result from striatal dysfunction due to an imbalance between dopamine and glutamate transmissions that are integrated by dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein of 32 kDa (DARPP-32). c-Abelson tyrosine kinase (c-Abl) phosphorylates cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) at Tyr15 to increase the activity of(More)
Primary Meige syndrome is an idiopathic movement disorder that manifests as craniofacial and often cervical dystonias. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) has emerged as a powerful surgical option in the treatment of primary generalized or segmental dystonia. However, the experience with GPi-DBS in Meige syndrome is limited.(More)
Striatal neuropathology of Huntington's disease (HD) involves primary and progressive degeneration of the medium-sized projection neurons, with relative sparing of the local circuit interneurons. The mechanism for such a patterned cell loss in the HD striatum continues to remain unclear. Optineurin (OPTN) is one of the proteins interacting with huntingtin(More)