Ryoko Toyama

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Received: 24 January 2003 Revised: 28 February 2003 Accepted: 17 March 2003 Abstract This paper is a part of our attempt to build a new knowledge-based theory of the firm and organization to explain the dynamic process of knowledge creation and utilization. For this, we revisit the theory of knowledge creation through the SECI process and ba, and try to(More)
The first step to knowledge initiatives in companies is that of finding what people in the company know and taking steps to make knowledge accessible throughout the organization. Such process relates to the capturing and disseminating of explicit knowledge through information and communication technology whereby knowledge is codified, stored and(More)
In this paper we examine the process by which a standard bearer loses its leading position in a market. We put forth a framework of four factors needed to overturn existing standard bearers, including superior price/performance competition in the context of network externalities, the ability of the standard bearer to adopt new technologies, the strength of(More)
As a new management style in anticipation of knowledge-driven society, knowledge management, which recognizes knowledge as a core value, has long been discussed. Many Japanese enterprises, however, do not appear to have innovated themselves from the traditional management style based on the industrial society to a knowledge-based management style and(More)
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