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The 3.4-Ga Strelley Pool Formation (SPF) at the informally named 'Waterfall Locality' in the Goldsworthy greenstone belt of the Pilbara Craton, Western Australia, provides deeper insights into ancient, shallow subaqueous to possibly subaerial ecosystems. Outcrops at this locality contain a thin (<3 m) unit of carbonaceous and non-carbonaceous cherts and(More)
Early Palaeoproterozoic (2.5-2.0 billion years ago) was a critical phase in Earth's history, characterized by multiple severe glaciations and a rise in atmospheric O(2) (the Great Oxidation Event). Although glaciations occurred at the time of O(2) increase, the relationship between climatic and atmospheric transitions remains poorly understood. Here we(More)
A series of i-->i + 4 side-chain to side-chain lactam analogs of vasoactive intestinal peptide has been prepared in order to study the effect of cyclization on biological activity. In vitro, on guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle and on human bronchial tissue, approximately half of the cyclic analogs showed increased potency and half were decreased over the(More)
The effects of bilateral locus ceruleus (LC) lesions on the pericapillary nerve terminals were investigated in the feline brain parenchyma using electron microscopy. LC lesions were induced stereotaxically and the animals were sacrificed after intravenous administration of 5-hydroxydopamine (5-OHDA). The diameter and number of dense-cored vesicles (DCVs)(More)
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