Learn More
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a clinically heterogeneous psychiatric disorder with various genetic backgrounds. Here, we report a novel mutation in the pogo transposable element-derived protein with zinc finger domain gene (POGZ) identified by trio-based whole exome sequencing. To date, a total of seven de novo POGZ mutations in ASD have been reported.(More)
De novo GNAO1 variants have been found in four patients including three patients with Ohtahara syndrome and one patient with childhood epilepsy. In addition, two patients showed involuntary movements, suggesting that GNAO1 variants can cause various neurological phenotypes. Here we report an additional four patients with de novo missense GNAO1 variants, one(More)
Three recessive mutations in the sodium leak channel, nonselective (NALCN) have been reported to cause intellectual disability and hypotonia. In addition, 14 de novo heterozygous mutations have been identified in 15 patients with arthrogryposis and neurodevelopmental impairment. Here, we report three patients with neurodevelopmental disease and hypotonia,(More)
The voltage-gated Kv10.1 potassium channel, also known as ether-a-go-go-related gene 1, encoded by KCNH1 (potassium voltage-gated channel, subfamily H (eag related), member 1) is predominantly expressed in the central nervous system. Recently, de novo missense KCNH1 mutations have been identified in six patients with Zimmermann-Laband syndrome and in four(More)
BACKGROUND Early-onset epileptic encephalopathy (EOEE) is a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorders characterised by infantile-onset intractable epilepsy and unfavourable developmental outcomes. Hundreds of mutations have been reported to cause EOEE; however, little is known about the clinical features of individuals with rare variants. CASE(More)
We report the case of a 19-year-old female patient who had progressive chorea associated with a GNAO1 mutation. Chorea was refractory to multiple anticonvulsants, and the patient suffered from tiapride-induced neuroleptic malignant syndrome. After identification of a GNAO1 missense mutation at the age of 18years, topiramate treatment was initiated and the(More)
BACKGROUND Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a rare neurological disorder that manifests recurrent attacks of hemiplegia, oculogyric, and choreoathetotic involuntary movements. De novo mutations in ATP1A3 cause three types of neurological diseases: AHC; rapid-onset dystonia-Parkinsonism (RDP); and cerebellar ataxia, areflexia, pes cavus, optic(More)
Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in social interactions, reduced verbal communication abilities, stereotyped repetitive behaviors, and restricted interests. It is a complex condition caused by genetic and environmental factors; the high heritability of this disorder supports the presence of a significant(More)
Whole-exome sequencing (WES) is becoming a standard tool for detecting nucleotide changes, and determining whether WES data can be used for the detection of copy-number variations (CNVs) is of interest. To date, several algorithms have been developed for such analyses, although verification is needed to establish if they fit well for the appropriate(More)
Monosomy 21 is a very rare chromosomal abnormality. At least 45 patients with partial deletion involving 21q11 have been reported. Here, we report a Japanese boy who presented with pre- and postnatal growth delays, psychomotor developmental delay, microcephaly, and iris coloboma. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a de novo 1.4-Mb deletion at 21q22.11 containing(More)