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The genus Citrus includes mandarin, orange, lemon, grapefruit and lime, which have high economic and nutritional value. The family Rutaceae can be divided into 7 subfamilies, including Aurantioideae. The genus Citrus belongs to the subfamily Aurantioideae. In this study, we sequenced the chloroplast matK genes of 135 accessions from 22 genera of(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the effect of 3 different surgical approaches on paraspinal muscle atrophy in patients undergoing lumbar back surgery, we compared their pre- and postoperative CT scans and their serum Hb, CRP, and CPK levels. METHODS The study population consisted of 71 patients who had undergone lumbar back surgery with microscopic posterior(More)
The central few hundred parsecs of the Milky Way host a massive black hole and exhibit very violent gas motion and high temperatures in molecular gas. The origin of these properties has been a mystery for the past four decades. Wide-field imaging of the (12)CO (rotational quantum number J = 1 to 0) 2.6-millimeter spectrum has revealed huge loops of dense(More)
OBJECTIVE Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) myelography scans demonstrated a dural defect in a 50-year-old man with an epidural arachnoid cyst who had a 29-year history of untreated weakness and numbness both lower limbs. METHODS MRI scans showed a dorsal intraspinal extradural cystic lesion at the level from Th11 to L1. Although preoperative(More)
OBJECT Superior cluneal nerve (SCN) entrapment neuropathy is a poorly understood clinical entity that can produce low-back pain. The authors report a less-invasive surgical treatment for SCN entrapment neuropathy that can be performed with local anesthesia. METHODS From November 2010 through November 2011, the authors performed surgery in 34 patients (age(More)
OBJECTIVE We report our experience with the SONOPET ultrasonic bone curette. METHODS Between September 2001 and July 2005, 546 patients underwent microscopic spinal surgeries using a high-speed drill and the SONOPET instrument. RESULTS We encountered operative complications thought to be attributable to the use of the SONOPET in six patients (1.1%).(More)
Detailed changes involved in the worsening of the fused segment angle were assessed after application of the Williams-Isu method using autologous bone grafts from cervical vertebral bodies in 30 patients with cervical disease treated by single-level anterior fusion. The mean follow-up duration was 25.4 months. The fused segment angle was measured on serial(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study is to report our use of new bioabsorbable screws in cervical anterior fusion. These screws need not be removed because they are completely absorbed by resolution in vivo. We describe our method and the new bioabsorbable screws. METHODS We used PLLA screws until September 2004 and uncalcined uHA-PLLA screws thereafter. They(More)
OBJECTIVE Cervical anterior fusion with autologous bone grafts (Williams-Isu method) is a modified, accepted method to treat spinal degenerative disease. Here we report minimum 10-year outcomes. METHODS Of 101 patients we treated by cervical anterior fusion using the Williams-Isu method, 50 patients were followed up for a mean of 177 months. Among the 51(More)
Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) can cause low back pain when its joint capsule and ligamentous tissue are damaged. We report our experience in treating three SIJ dysfunction patients presenting with acute low back pain (a 38 year-old male, a 24 year-old male, and a 32 year-old female). SIJ dysfunction was diagnosed using the one-finger test, the modified Newton(More)