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SETTING Japanese in-patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and normal liver function receiving treatment with isoniazid and rifampicin (INH + RMP). OBJECTIVE To elucidate the relationship between N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) genotype and the incidence of isoniazid + rifampicin-induced hepatotoxicity. DESIGN Prospective study. After NAT2* genotyping, 77(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) for predicting postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF), we determined the changes in perioperative ANP and BNP levels in patients undergoing pulmonary resection for lung cancer. METHODS This prospective observational study was conducted(More)
RATIONALE The diagnosis of Mycobacterium avium-complex pulmonary disease (MAC-PD) and/or its discrimination from pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is sometimes complicated and time consuming. OBJECTIVES We investigated in a six-institution multicenter study whether a serologic test based on an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) kit was useful for diagnosing MAC-PD and(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the present study was to evaluate the utility of tissue Doppler imaging for predicting the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation. METHODS In this prospective observational study, we evaluated 126 patients with lung cancer who underwent a lobectomy during the 18-month period from August 2007 to January 2009.(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary cachexia is common in advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), culminating in exercise intolerance and a poor prognosis. Ghrelin is a novel growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide with GH-independent effects. The efficacy and safety of adding ghrelin to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in cachectic COPD patients were(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate exercise limiting factors using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and to investigate whether these parameters are related to survival after CPET. We evaluated 41 patients with IPF (mean 68.2 years, 27 male) who performed CPET. The exercise capacity in(More)
Previously we reported the development of a highly sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay specific for anti-tuberculous glycolipid (anti-TBGL) for the rapid serodiagnosis of tuberculosis. In this study, the usefulness of an anti-TBGL antibody assay kit for rapid serodiagnosis was evaluated in a controlled multicenter study. Antibody titers in sera from(More)
PURPOSE Postoperative atrial fibrillation is the most common complication encountered during the early postoperative period following a pulmonary resection procedure. Landiolol is a newly developed, ultrashortacting, β-adrenoceptor antagonist. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of low-dose landiolol for postoperative(More)
We studied the relationship between physiologic parameters in cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and prognosis in terms of survival time in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in order to accurately assess the severity of the disease. From a group of 195 patients with COPD who had consecutively undergone CPET between July 1989(More)
As serodiagnosis is the easiest way of diagnosing a disease, the utility of Mycobacterium leprae-derived major membrane protein-II (MMP-II), one of the immuno-dominant antigens, in the serodiagnosis of leprosy was examined. The percent positivity by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for anti-MMP-II antibody was 82.4% for multi-bacillary leprosy, and the(More)