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To elucidate the role of GNAS mutations in colorectal tumourigenesis, we performed a mutation analysis in a total of 234 colorectal tumours, including adenomas, serrated lesions and adenocarcinomas. Activating GNAS mutations were found in 20 of the 24 villous adenomas (83%) but were absent in all the other tumours, except for one tubulovillous adenoma (3%)(More)
BACKGROUND Pyloric gland adenoma is a rarely described neoplasia of the gastric mucosa. Recent publications have shown that similar lesions are also found in the gallbladder, the main pancreatic duct, the duodenum and the cervix of the uterus. Apart from case reports, few clinical data are available on these patients. We therefore conducted a search of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Intramucosal undifferentiated early gastric cancer (EGC) up to 2 cm in size without ulceration has been treated by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) because the incidence of lymph node metastasis is negligible. The aim of this retrospective study was to clarify the short-term and long-term outcomes of ESD carried out to treat(More)
Gastric and duodenal adenomas exhibit a significant morphological and phenotypical diversity and are classified into intestinal-type, foveolar-type and pyloric gland adenomas. We analysed the mutations in GNAS, KRAS, BRAF and CTNNB1 and the expressions of mismatch repair (MMR) proteins in 80 gastric and 32 duodenal adenomas with histologically distinct(More)
Depth of invasion in early invasive colorectal cancer is considered an important predictive factor for lymph node metastasis. However, no large-scale reports have established the relationship between invasion depth of pedunculated type early invasive colorectal cancers and risk of lymph node metastasis. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to(More)
Since 1985, when gastric-type well-differentiated adenocarcinomas were demonstrated in hyperplastic polyps of the stomach, we have studied phenotypic expression in gastrointestinal epithelial lesions. The recent discovery of MUC genes coding core proteins of mucin has improved research on the phenotypic expression of gastrointestinal neoplasms. The disease(More)
IgG4-related sclerosing disease is recognized as a distinct clinicopathological entity. It is well known that this disease can occur in the salivary, lacrimal and pituitary glands, in the head and neck region. The nasal cavity is an extremely rare site of involvement of IgG4-related sclerosing disease. Herein is reported a case of multiple IgG4-related(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of lymph node metastasis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients is a critical factor for decision of treatment strategy. However, there have been no molecular markers to assess lymph node metastasis. In this study, we aimed to identify CpG islands (CGIs) whose DNA methylation statuses are associated with the presence(More)
BACKGROUND Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is likely overexpressed and/or amplified in locally advanced gastric cancer with extensive (bulky N2 or paraaortic) lymph node metastasis, and patients may benefit from treatment with anti-HER2 antibodies. This study evaluated the frequency of HER2 overexpression and amplification in The Japanese(More)
To investigate whether the expression of HLA-DR antigen in gastric carcinomas is associated with the survival rate, we studied 70 cases of gastric carcinoma using a monoclonal antibody. Forty-seven cases (67%) stained positively, including 31 differentiated carcinomas, and 16 undifferentiated carcinomas. A close correlation was found between expression of(More)