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To elucidate the role of GNAS mutations in colorectal tumourigenesis, we performed a mutation analysis in a total of 234 colorectal tumours, including adenomas, serrated lesions and adenocarcinomas. Activating GNAS mutations were found in 20 of the 24 villous adenomas (83%) but were absent in all the other tumours, except for one tubulovillous adenoma (3%)(More)
Background. Pyloric gland adenoma is a rarely described neoplasia of the gastric mucosa. Recent publications have shown that similar lesions are also found in the gallbladder, the main pancreatic duct, the duodenum and the cervix of the uterus. Apart from case reports, few clinical data are available on these patients. We therefore conducted a search of(More)
Since 1985, when gastric-type well-differentiated adenocarcinomas were demonstrated in hyperplastic polyps of the stomach, we have studied phenotypic expression in gastrointestinal epithelial lesions. The recent discovery of MUC genes coding core proteins of mucin has improved research on the phenotypic expression of gastrointestinal neoplasms. The disease(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Intramucosal undifferentiated early gastric cancer (EGC) up to 2 cm in size without ulceration has been treated by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) because the incidence of lymph node metastasis is negligible. The aim of this retrospective study was to clarify the short-term and long-term outcomes of ESD carried out to treat(More)
We report a case of inflammatory pseudotumor of the kidney. A 73-year-old man presenting with general malaise and minimal grade fever visited a medical department in our hospital. Computerized tomography incidentally revealed a tumor, 3.5 cm in diameter, in the lower pole of the left kidney, and he was referred to our outpatient department. Selective left(More)
Depth of invasion in early invasive colorectal cancer is considered an important predictive factor for lymph node metastasis. However, no large-scale reports have established the relationship between invasion depth of pedunculated type early invasive colorectal cancers and risk of lymph node metastasis. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to(More)
PURPOSE Histologic components of the TNM classification system have been repeatedly revised since the fifth edition (TNM5). TNM classification revisions provide different criteria for categorizing tumor nodules without residual lymph node structure (ND). However, there are few systematic evaluations regarding the effectiveness of these revisions. PATIENTS(More)
Gastric and duodenal adenomas exhibit a significant morphological and phenotypical diversity and are classified into intestinal-type, foveolar-type and pyloric gland adenomas. We analysed the mutations in GNAS, KRAS, BRAF and CTNNB1 and the expressions of mismatch repair (MMR) proteins in 80 gastric and 32 duodenal adenomas with histologically distinct(More)
In a comparative study, the expression of p53 protein was investigated in intestinal- and gastric-type adenomas of the stomach. The former is a conventional type, which is well known to be a premalignant lesion of the stomach, but the latter is a rare, more recently noted entity. Of 28 intestinal-type adenomas, 17 (60.7%) contained more than 5% of p53(More)
To elucidate the histogenesis of adenocarcinomas of the stomach, we examined MUC gene expression in gland-forming intramucosal neoplastic lesions. Eighty tumors were histopathologically assigned to 1 of the following 3 groups based upon the Vienna classification: group A (low-grade adenoma/dysplasia), group B (high-grade adenoma/dysplasia) and group C(More)