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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) for the early diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). METHODS Thirty-six consecutive patients (age 56 to 82 years) were enrolled, and 26 were examined by DWI. Nine were definite based on the World Health Organization criteria, and 27 were probable. The percentages of DWI(More)
PURPOSE Laparoscopic colectomy has increasingly been advocated as an option for treatment of colonic disease. The purpose of this study was to compare effects of laparoscopic-assisted sigmoid colectomy (LAS) and conventional open colectomy (OPEN) on postoperative cytokine and stress hormone responses. METHODS Fourteen patients with sigmoid colon cancer,(More)
PURPOSE Using multiple genetic markers, including cancer stem-like cells, we evaluated the clinical significance of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) as a prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in the peripheral blood (PB) of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) who had undergone curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS In(More)
Bilateral ablation of the frontal cortex of rats markedly reduced the catalepsy induced by haloperidol (1 mg/kg i.p.). Similarly, the selective antagonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, D(-)-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (10 micrograms/side), injected bilaterally into the rostral part of the caudate-putamen (CP) reduced haloperidol-induced(More)
Radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer is among the most invasive procedures in gastrointestinal surgery. Several studies have found that an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol is useful in patients who undergo colorectal surgery, but its value in gastric surgery remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of an ERAS(More)
Twenty-six consecutive admissions of 24 patients with severe ulcerative colitis (UC) hospitalized in our Department at some time between January 1983 and December 1988 were studied to identify factors useful in the prediction of response to medical treatment in the acute inflammatory phase of this disease. Results of laboratory tests (white blood cells, red(More)
Paclitaxel–cisplatin (TC) combination is effective and well tolerated in patients with unresectable gastric cancer. We investigated the efficacy and safety of TC for locally advanced gastric cancers in a neoadjuvant setting. Patients received 2–4 courses of paclitaxel (80 mg/m2) and cisplatin (25 mg/m2) on days 1, 8, and 15 in a 4-weekly schedule, followed(More)
Bacterial translocation has been defined as the passage of both viable and nonviable bacteria and their products (e.g., endotoxins) across the intestinal barrier to extraintestinal sites such as the mesenteric lymph nodes, liver, etc. It has been hypothesized that intestinally derived bacteria or endotoxins serve as triggers to initiate, perpetuate, or(More)
microRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate target gene expression. It is known that miRNA-107 (miR-107) promotes cancer invasion and metastasis. However, the relationship between clinicopathological factors and the prognostic significance of miR-107 for gastric cancer patients remains elusive. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs have been reported to be feasible and useful for maintaining physiological function and facilitating recovery after colorectal surgery. The feasibility of such programs in gastric surgery remains unclear. This study assessed whether an ERAS program is feasible in patients who undergo gastric(More)