Ryoichi Yano

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Ethnic differences in drug susceptibility and toxicity are a major concern, not only in drug development but also in the clinical setting. We review the toxicity profiles of docetaxel according to dose and ethnicity. We analyzed phase II and III clinical trials that included a once-every-3-weeks single-agent docetaxel arm. Logistic regression analysis was(More)
BACKGROUND Hospital-acquired bloodstream infections (BSIs) are significant causes of mortality, and strategies to improve outcomes are needed. We aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a multidisciplinary infection control team (ICT) approach to the initial treatment of patients with hospital-acquired BSI. METHODS A before-after quasiexperimental(More)
BACKGROUND Myelotoxicity, a major toxicity of vinorelbine. may be related to the degree of one's exposure to vinorelbine. In theory, clarithromycin has the potential to alter vinorelbine's pharmacokinetics by inhibiting CYP3A and/or P-glycoprotein; this may result in massive exposure to vinorelbine and severe toxicity. To date, macrolide-vinorelbine drug(More)
The impact of lower serum albumin levels on teicoplanin pharmacokinetics has not been previously determined. The authors assessed the relationship between total and free concentrations of teicoplanin in serum samples obtained from patients receiving teicoplanin therapy for Gram-positive bacterial infections. In addition, the authors determined the(More)
OBJECTIVE To report 2 cases of a probable interaction between cisplatin and warfarin. CASE SUMMARY Two cases of transient elevation of international normalized ratio (INR) during irinotecan (60 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, and 15) plus cisplatin (60 mg/m2 on day 1) chemotherapy with concomitant warfarin are presented. In both cases, warfarin dosages were stable at(More)
The enterohepatic recycling of a drug consists of its biliary excretion and intestinal reabsorption, which is sometimes accompanied by hepatic conjugation and intestinal deconjugation reactions. β-Glucuronidase, an intestinal bacteria-produced enzyme, can break the bond between a biliary excreted drug and glucuronic acid. Antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin(More)
We have reported the possibility of the use of the archived standard curve of endotoxin assay, which is prepared in the same facility from the viewpoint of the accuracy and precision. In this study, the possibility of the use of the archived standard curves prepared in the different facilities was investigated with the same data set in the previous paper.(More)
Although combination therapy with the oral fluoropyrimidine anticancer drug S-1 and the anticonvulsant phenytoin (PHT) is known to increase blood levels of PHT and the risk of intoxication, reports on long-term monitoring of blood levels of PHT during combined S-1 and PHT treatment and a thorough understanding of their interaction are lacking. This report(More)
Background Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor administration is an important component of supportive therapy in chemotherapy-induced leukopenia. Although patient response to granulocyte colony-stimulating factor administration is known to vary, the factors responsible for poor response have not been identified. Objective To identify the predictors of the(More)
The archived standard curve of endotoxin assay was evaluated to be possible to be used for the endotoxin assay as the reliable standard curve, instead the standard curve was produced each time of the assay. The archived standard curve shall be produced from three standard curves for three days, following the guidance issued from FDA in 1991, and the(More)
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