Ryoichi Kawamura

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Ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) is a neuron-specific ubiquitin recycling enzyme. A mutation at residue 93 and polymorphism at residue 18 within human UCH-L1 are linked to familial Parkinson's disease and a decreased Parkinson's disease risk, respectively. Thus, we constructed recombinant human UCH-L1 variants and examined their structure(More)
Insulin resistance is a feature of type 2 diabetes. Resistin, secreted from adipocytes, causes insulin resistance in mice. We previously reported that the G/G genotype of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at -420 (rs1862513) in the human resistin gene (RETN) increased susceptibility to type 2 diabetes by enhancing its promoter activity. Plasma resistin(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the relation between the G/G genotype of a resistin gene promoter single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at -420 (rs1862513) and glycemic control by pioglitazone in type 2 diabetes. In Study 1, 121 type 2 diabetic patients were treated with pioglitazone (15 or 30 mg/day) for 12 weeks, in addition to previous medication.(More)
Resistin, secreted from adipocytes, causes insulin resistance and diabetes in rodents. To determine the relation between serum resistin and diabetic microangiopathies in humans, we analyzed 238 Japanese T2DM subjects. Mean serum resistin was higher in subjects with either advanced retinopathy (preproliferative or proliferative) (P=0.0130), advanced(More)
It was recently reported that GCKR rs780094 was associated with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and triglyceride (TG) levels in various ethnic populations (A allele for low FPG and high TG). An association between GCKR rs780094 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (A allele for low risk) has also been reported. We examined the association between GCKR rs780094(More)
Recent basic experiments have strongly suggested that cell transplantation therapy may promote functional recovery in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). However, a safe and efficient transplantation technique still remains undetermined. This study, therefore, was aimed to clarify whether fibrin matrix could be a useful scaffold in bone marrow stromal(More)
Resistin is an adipokine secreted from adipocytes in mice. We previously reported that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) -420 (rs1862513) in the human resistin gene (RETN), is correlated with plasma resistin. Decorin is a multifunctional proteoglycan, and its isoform, lacking 14 amino acids from the N terminal region of mature core decorin, recently(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated hematocrit levels have been suggested to be an independent determinant of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. To clarify the diagnostic significance of hematocrit level, we investigated the association with hemodynamic profiles, insulin resistance and insulin sensitivity, arterial properties, and asymptomatic cerebrovascular damage(More)
OBJECTIVE Lower heart rate variability (HRV) is associated with the inflammation that is linked with the progression of atherosclerosis. We examined this association, taking insulin sensitivity into consideration, as it is related to both HRV and inflammation. METHODS Subjects were 1728 individuals ages 30-79 years who did not smoke between 2009 and 2012.(More)
Context We previously reported that single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-420 C>G (rs1862513) in the promoter region of RETN was associated with type 2 diabetes. Plasma resistin was tightly correlated with SNP-420 genotypes. SNP-420 is a CpG-SNP affecting the sequence of cytosine-phosphate-guanine dinucleotides. Objective To examine whether methylation at(More)