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Climbing fiber (CF) synapse formation onto cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs) is critically dependent on the synaptogenesis from parallel fibers (PFs), the other input to PCs. Previous studies revealed that deletion of the glutamate receptor delta2 subunit (GluRdelta2) gene results in persistent multiple CF innervation of PCs with impaired PF synaptogenesis,(More)
Functional neural circuits are formed by eliminating early-formed redundant synapses and strengthening necessary connections during development. In newborn mouse cerebellum, each Purkinje cell (PC) is innervated by multiple climbing fibers (CFs) with similar strengths. Subsequently, a single CF is selectively strengthened by postnatal day 7 (P7). We find(More)
We used silver-enhanced immunogold electron microscopy to reveal synaptic localization of the glutamate transporter EAAT4 in mouse cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs). Gold-silver particles representing the EAAT4 were densely localized on extra-junctional membrane, but not on junctional membrane of PC spines in contact with parallel fiber or climbing fiber(More)
Organized synapse formation on to Purkinje cell (PC) dendrites by parallel fibers (PFs) and climbing fibers (CFs) is crucial for cerebellar function. In PCs lacking glutamate receptor delta2 (GluRdelta2), PF synapses are reduced in number, numerous free spines emerge, and multiple CF innervation persists to adulthood. In the present study, we conducted(More)
Telencephalin (TLCN) is a cell adhesion molecule selectively expressed in the telencephalon of the mammalian brain. The mutant mice lacking TLCN had no detectable abnormalities in their neural development and synaptic structures. Ablation of TLCN increased the hippocampal long-term potentiation and its saturation level. The TLCN mutation selectively(More)
The glutamatergic transmission system plays a key role in afferent and efferent pathways involved in micturition. By in situ hybridization combined with retrograde Fast Blue labeling, expression of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptor (GluR-A to -D) and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NR1 and NR2A-D) subunit mRNAs(More)
Reeler, an autosomal recessive mutation in mice, is characterized by abnormal positioning of the neurons in the cerebral cortex. We performed a descriptive analysis on the arborization of dendritic processes of large pyramidal neurons in the motor cortex (hindlimb area) of normal and reeler mice, as seen in the Golgi preparations. In the normal mouse,(More)
In early postnatal development, perisomatic innervation of cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs) switches from glutamatergic climbing fibers (CFs) to GABAergic basket cell fibers (BFs). Here we examined the switching process in C57BL/6 mice. At postnatal day 7 (P7), most perisomatic synapses were formed by CFs on to somatic spines. The density of CF-spine(More)
The 'Wriggle Mouse Sagami (WMS)' is a new neurological mutant with severe dystonic movements of the trunk and extremities whose pathological characters are transmitted by an autosomal recessive gene (wri). Manifestations first appear at 10 days to 2 weeks after birth and progress until 12 weeks of age. In spite of the severe dystonic movements, no marked(More)
Vibrissae are tactile sense organs on the face of non-human mammals, and build up topographical representations in the brainstem trigeminal sensory nucleus called barrelettes. In the present study, we examined postnatal development of barrelettes corresponding to upper lip vibrissae by cytochrome oxidase (CO) histochemistry. At nuclear regions corresponding(More)