Ryohei F. Tsuji

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BACKGROUND Recognition of foreign substances by innate immunity through pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) regulates acquired immunity such as allergic reaction. Because PRRs recognize heterogeneous ligands, daily food intake can potentially regulate immune allergic reaction. OBJECTIVE Elucidation of the effect of lambda-carrageenan on allergic(More)
We have shown previously that an early complement C5-dependent cascade is required to recruit T cells to elicit 24-h contact sensitivity (CS) responses. In this paper, we have characterized molecular events of this early required cascade by biochemically analyzing extracts of mouse ears undergoing elicitation of CS. Chemotactic activity was found after(More)
Contact sensitivity (CS) is a classic example of in vivo T cell immunity in which skin sensitization with reactive hapten leads to immunized T cells, which are then recruited locally to mediate antigen-specific inflammation after subsequent skin challenge. We have previously shown that T cell recruitment in CS is triggered by local activation of complement,(More)
The elicitation of contact sensitivity (CS) to local skin challenge with the hapten trinitrophenyl (TNP) chloride requires an early process that is necessary for local recruitment of CS-effector T cells. This is called CS initiation and is due to the B-1 subset of B cells activated at immunization to produce circulating IgM Ab. At challenge, the IgM binds(More)
A halophilic lactic acid bacterium, Tetragenococcus halophilus, was found to possess an immunomodulatory activity that promotes T helper type 1 (Th1) immunity in addition to its important roles in soy sauce brewing. Strain Th221 was selected from 151 strains isolated from soy sauce (shoyu) moromi, since it induced strong interleukin (IL)-12 production by(More)
L-156,602, a C5a receptor antagonist, was found as an immunosuppressant with preferential effects on delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) in our screening program and it was shown that L-156,602 suppressed the efferent phase of DTH. Here, we tested its effects on experimental models of inflammation induced in mice. L-156,602 did not suppress serotonin- and(More)
In the course of our screening for in vivo immunomodulating substances in which sheep red blood cells (SRBC) and heat-killed Brucella abortus cells (thymus dependent and independent antigens, respectively) for antibody production assays, and trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) for delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) assay were adopted as antigens, we(More)
The neutral protease II (NpII) from Aspergillus oryzae is a zinc-containing metalloprotease with some unique properties. To elucidate its structure, we isolated a full-length cDNA clone for NpII. Sequence analysis reveals that NpII has a prepro region consisting of 175 amino acids preceding the mature region, which consists of 177 amino acids. As compared(More)
We define the initiation of elicited delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) as a series of processes leading to local extravascular recruitment of effector T cells. Responses thus have two sequential phases: 1) 2-h peaking initiation required for subsequent recruitment of T cells, and 2) the late classical 24-h component mediated by the recruited T cells. We(More)
Complement (C) is an important component of innate immunity, and was also shown recently to participate in induction of acquired B cell humoral immunity. In this study, we present evidence that C also participates in acquired T cell immunity. We found that C was involved in early events of the efferent elicitation phase of contact sensitivity (CS), and(More)