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—Differential games are multi-agent versions of optimal control problems, which have been used for modeling control systems of smart grids. Thus, a differential-game theoretic approach is a promising mathematical framework enabling to discuss a demand-side energy management system where there are multiple decision-making entities. This paper first indicates(More)
SUMMARY Differential games are considered an extension of optimal control problems, which are used to formulate centralized control problems in smart grids. Optimal control theory is used to study systems consisting of one agent with one objective, whereas differential games are used to formulate systems consisting of multiple agents with multiple(More)
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