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A new gene, termed klotho, has been identified that is involved in the suppression of several ageing phenotypes. A defect in klotho gene expression in the mouse results in a syndrome that resembles human ageing, including a short lifespan, infertility, arteriosclerosis, skin atrophy, osteoporosis and emphysema. The gene encodes a membrane protein that(More)
The endothelin-1 (ET-1) gene was disrupted in mouse embryonic stem cells by homologous recombination to generate mice deficient in ET-1. These ET-1-/- homozygous mice die of respiratory failure at birth and have morphological abnormalities of the pharyngeal-arch-derived craniofacial tissues and organs. ET-1+/- heterozygous mice, which produce lower levels(More)
Atherosclerotic coronary heart disease is a common complication of the insulin resistance syndrome that can occur with or without diabetes mellitus. Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), which are insulin-sensitizing antidiabetic agents, can modulate the development of atherosclerosis not only by changing the systemic metabolic conditions associated with insulin(More)
For determining whether both the spinal cord motor neurons and glial cells are exposed to increased oxidative stress in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), we performed an immunohistochemical investigation of end products of lipid peroxidation and protein glycoxidation in spinal cords from seven sporadic ALS patients and seven age-matched control(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac hypertrophy is a fundamental adaptive response to hemodynamic overload; how mechanical load induces cardiac hypertrophy, however, remains elusive. It was recently reported that activation of a calcium-dependent phosphatase, calcineurin, induces cardiac hypertrophy. In the present study, we examined whether calcineurin plays a critical(More)
PURPOSE Corneal complications are often associated with diabetes mellitus and can be vision threatening. Corneas in diabetic patients are exposed to increased glucose concentration despite cornea's avascular property, and this condition may contribute to the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). The focus of this study was to examine the(More)
BACKGROUND Although activation of the Ca(2+)-dependent phosphatase calcineurin has been reported to induce cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, whether calcineurin is involved in pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy remains controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined in the present study the role of calcineurin in pressure overload-induced cardiac(More)
We have previously reported that stretching of cardiomyocytes activates the phosphorylation cascade of protein kinases, including Raf-1 kinase and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, followed by an increase in protein synthesis partly through enhanced secretion of angiotensin II and endothelin-1. Membrane proteins, such as ion channels and exchangers,(More)
We previously reported the characterization of a rabbit uterus cDNA clone (SMHC29) which encoded part of the light meromyosin of smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (Nagai, R., Larson, D.M., and Periasamy, M. (1988) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 85, 1047-1051). We have now characterized a second cDNA clone (SMHC40) which also encodes part of the light(More)
In a Xenopus oocyte heterologous expression system, we characterized the electrophysiology of 3 novel missense mutations of HERG identified in Japanese LQT2 families: T474I (within the S2-S3 linker), A614V, and V630L (in the outer mouth of pore-forming region). For each of the 3 mutations, injection of mutant cRNA alone did not express detectable currents.(More)