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Pseudoarthrosis at the intervertebral space in patients with ankylosing spondylitis has occasionally been reported, but symptomatic pseudoarthrosis at the intervertebral disc level is rare in patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). Here, we report a case of symptomatic pseudoarthrosis at the L2-L3 intervertebral space that was(More)
In this paper, we present a structural and statistical approach for texture classification. It can achieve with a higher accuracy rate comparing to the Spatial Gray Level Dependence (SGLD) method and Laws' method. Our method uses the previously proposed operator, the Surface-Shape operator (SS-operator), for describing topographic structure of texture(More)
Metastatic renal cell carcinoma of the bone occurs at a high rate, and the prognosis is poor. In general, total en bloc spondylectomy is considered when there is only one vertebral metastasis and the primary disease is treated. However, palliative surgery is selected when the primary disease is not being treated or metastasis occurs to an important organ.(More)