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To achieve an integrated understanding of the stem cell system of planarians at both the cellular and molecular levels, we developed a new method by combining "fluorescent activated cell sorting (FACS) index sorting" analysis and single-cell reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to detect the gene expression and cell cycle state of stem(More)
OBJECTIVES DC-159a (a novel quinolone) and sitafloxacin (DU-6859a) are structurally related quinolones, bearing a 3-aminopyrrolidyl substitution. We investigated the relationship between the target preferences of these 3-aminopyrrolidyl quinolones, in vitro potencies and emergence of quinolone-resistant mutants in Streptococcus pneumoniae, compared with(More)
We recently reported our discovery of small molecule beta-1,6-glucan inhibitor named D75-4590 and the anti-Candida activity of its derivatives D11-2040 and D21-6076. In this study, we further evaluated the antifungal profile of D11-2040. It alone strongly inhibited the vegetative growth and/or hyphal development of various Candida species, but no(More)
The initial bactericidal activity of quinolones against Streptococcus pneumoniae at the concentration equivalent to their respective peak serum concentration (C(max)) and free drug fraction of C(max) (fC(max)) were investigated. The bactericidal activity of sitafloxacin (STFX), levofloxacin (LVFX), moxifloxacin (MFLX), and garenoxacin (GRNX) were compared(More)
DC-159a is a new 8-methoxy fluoroquinolone that possesses a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity, with extended activity against gram-positive pathogens, especially streptococci and staphylococci from patients with community-acquired infections. DC-159a showed activity against Streptococcus spp. (MIC(90), 0.12 microg/ml) and inhibited the growth of 90%(More)
Plasmid-carried qnrS1 is derived from Vibrio splendidus chromosomal qnrVS1. qnrVS1 transcripts increased 21- to 34-fold with subinhibitory concentrations of ciprofloxacin but much less with mitomycin. No LexA binding sites were upstream of qnrS1 or qnrVS1, and similar induction levels were observed in lexA-positive and lexA-negative Escherichia coli strains(More)
Zerumbone ring-opening derivative 2 inhibited autophosphorylation of the essential histidine protein kinase (HPK), YycG, existing in Bacillus subtilis constituting a two-component system (TCS). However, it did not inhibit drug-resistant bacterium such as MRSA and VRE. Tryptophan derivative 34 also could be regulated by a TCS system like 2. In addition, 34(More)
Plasmid-encoded protein QnrB1 protects DNA gyrase from ciprofloxacin inhibition. Using a bacterial two-hybrid system, we evaluated the physical interactions between wild-type and mutant QnrB1, the GyrA and GyrB gyrase subunits, and a GyrBA fusion protein. The interaction of QnrB1 with GyrB and GyrBA was approximately 10-fold higher than that with GyrA,(More)
Emergence of antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major public health concern globally, and new antimicrobials for treatment of gonorrhea are imperative. In this study, the in vitro activity of sitafloxacin, a fluoroquinolone mainly used for respiratory tract or urogenital infections in Japan, and additional newer generation(More)
OBJECTIVES DC-159a and sitafloxacin show greater bactericidal activity against Streptococcus pneumoniae than garenoxacin and other quinolones. We investigated whether the autolysis induced by these quinolones contributes to their rapid bactericidal activity. METHODS Time-kill studies were conducted against a S. pneumoniae clinical isolate in broth with(More)