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Hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia with inappropriately low serum 1,25-dihidroxyvitamin D level is commonly observed in X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia, autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia and tumor-induced osteomalacia. Although the involvement of a newly identified factor, FGF-23, in the pathogenesis of ADHR and TIO(More)
Although the associations between arterial calcification or advanced atherosclerosis and osteopenia have been well documented, it is not clear whether the one is the result of the other or they coprogress from the early stages through common mechanisms. Thus, we measured pulse wave velocity (PWV), which reflects earlier phase atherosclerosis, and osteo-sono(More)
Although cells of the osteoblast lineage express functional ERs, direct effects of estrogen on bone formation remain obscure. In the present study, we have investigated estrogen effects on osteoblastic and adipocytic differentiation from a mouse bone marrow stromal cell line, ST-2, which had been manipulated to overexpress either human ER alpha (ST2ER(More)
A patient with severe hypomagnesemia due to chronic alcoholism is presented who repeatedly exhibited marked hypocalcemia with a dissociation between radioimmunoassay findings for mid region of parathyroid hormone (PTH-M) and immunoradiometric assay findings of serum intact PTH (PTH-intact). Serum PTH-M was moderately elevated whereas serum PTH-intact was in(More)
Vitamin D insufficiency is a risk for both skeletal and nonskeletal health. However, some ambiguity remains about threshold serum 25(OH)D for vitamin D insufficiency. To determine the threshold serum 25(OH)D to maintain normal calcium availability without elevation in serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) among Japanese subjects with various calcium intakes, we(More)
The authors report a case in which a patient harbored a corticotroph macroadenoma that secreted biologically inactive high-molecular-weight adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) as well as authentic ACTH 1-39. The secretion of the high-molecular-weight ACTH was determined using gel chromatography. The authors believe that these two molecules competed with each(More)
We demonstrated that 125I-labeled human parathyroid hormone (1-34;8,18-Nle,34-Tyr)[[125I]hPTH(1-34)] bound specifically to hemopoietic blast cells supported by granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Half-maximal inhibition of binding was achieved at concentrations of unlabeled hPTH(1-34) of about 5 x 10(-9)M. Insulin and hPTH(39-68) did not(More)
Osteoporosis has recently been recognized as a major comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We conducted a cross-sectional study in a cohort of 136 Japanese males with COPD to evaluate the prevalence of vertebral fracture (VF) and to explore its relationship with pulmonary function parameters. VFs were present in 108 (79.4 %); multiple(More)
Bartter's syndrome is a heterogeneous disorder characterised by deficient renal reabsorption of sodium and chloride, and hypokalaemic metabolic alkalosis with hyper-reninaemia and hyperaldosteronaemia. Mutations in several ion transporters and channels have been associated with the pathogenesis of Bartter's syndrome. We describe two hypocalcaemic patients(More)