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Laughter matters! From an analysis of a very large corpus of naturally-occurring conversational speech we have confirmed that approximately one in ten utterances contains laughter. From among these laughing utterances, we were able to distinguish four types of laughter according to what each revealed about the speaker's affective state, and we were able to(More)
After axotomy of embryonic hippocampal neurons in vitro, some of the axotomized axons lose their identity, and new axons arise and grow. This axotomy-induced axonogenesis requires importin, suggesting that some injury-induced signals are transported via axons to elicit axonogenesis after axotomy. In this study, we show that STAT3 is activated in response to(More)
Histochemical analyses of type II brain 4.1/4.1B/KIAA0987, a member of the protein 4.1 family, were carried out in rat brain. In situ hybridization (ISH) showed that type II brain 4.1 mRNA is expressed in a variety of neuronal cells. In particular, type II brain 4.1 mRNA was actively transcribed in the cells of the mesencephalon and the brainstem, which(More)
We characterize the previously unrecognized phenomenon of axotomy-induced axonogenesis in rat embryonic hippocampal neurons in vitro and elucidate the underlying mechanism. New neurites arose from cell bodies after axotomy and grew. These neurites were Tau-1-positive, and the injured axons showed negative immunoreactivity for Tau-1. Axonogenesis was delayed(More)
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