Ryo Morishita

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Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a surveillance mechanism that degrades mRNA containing premature termination codons (PTCs). In mammalian cells, recognition of PTCs requires translation and depends on the presence on the mRNA with the splicing-dependent exon junction complex (EJC). While it is known that a key event in the triggering of NMD is(More)
We report a cell-free system for the high-throughput synthesis and screening of gene products. The system, based on the eukaryotic translation apparatus of wheat seeds, has significant advantages over other commonly used cell-free expression systems. To maximize the yield and throughput of the system, we optimized the mRNA UTRs, designed an expression(More)
Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) is a recently identified host factor that positively regulates the intracellular trafficking and stability of HIV-1 Gag. We here examine the molecular mechanism by which SOCS1 regulates intercellular Gag trafficking and virus particle production. We find that SOCS1 colocalizes with Gag along the microtubule network(More)
Rat liver perchloric acid-soluble protein (L-PSP) is a potent inhibitor of cell-free protein synthesis; however, its mechanism of action is not known. Here we show that the protein is a unique ribonuclease and that this activity is responsible for the inhibition of translation. The addition of perchloric acid-soluble protein to a rabbit reticulocyte(More)
The 26 S proteasome is a 2.5-MDa molecular machine that degrades ubiquitinated proteins in eukaryotic cells. It consists of a proteolytic core particle and two 19 S regulatory particles (RPs) composed of 6 ATPase (Rpt) and 13 non-ATPase (Rpn) subunits. Multiple proteasome-dedicated chaperones facilitate the assembly of the proteasome, but little is known(More)
A new enzyme, which we named ribosomal RNA apurinic site specific lyase (RALyase), is described. The protein was found in wheat embryos and has a molecular weight of 50 625 Da. The enzyme specifically cleaves the phosphodiester bond at the 3' side of the apurinic site introduced by ribosome-inactivating proteins into the sarcin/ricin domain of 28S rRNA. The(More)
Gene expression data obtained from DNA microarrays are very useful in revealing the mechanisms that drive life. It is necessary to analyze these data through the use of algorithms, as in clustering and machine-learning. In a previous study, we developed fuzzy adaptive resonance theory (FuzzyART) and applied it to gene expression data, to identify genetic(More)
Activation of caspases is crucial for the execution of apoptosis. Although the caspase cascade associated with activation of the initiator caspase-8 (CASP8) has been investigated in molecular and biochemical detail, the physiological role of CASP8 is not fully understood. Here, we identified a two-pore domain potassium channel, tandem-pore domain(More)
Protein microarray is considered to be one of the key analytical tools for high-throughput protein function analysis. Here, we report that the Arabidopsis HY5 functions as a novel DNA-binding tag (DBtag) for proteins. We also demonstrate that the DBtagged proteins could be immobilized and purified on a newly designed agarose/DNA microplate. Furthermore, we(More)
Among the cell-free protein synthesis systems, the wheat germ-based translation system has significant advantages for the high-throughput production of eukaryotic multidomain proteins in folded state. Here, we describe protocols for this cell-free expression system.