Ryo Matsushima

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1 INTRODUCTION The E~ project [38] was launched in 1996 at Kern University m order to model and simulate various cellular processes with the ultimate goal of simulating the cell as a whole. The first version of the E-C~L simulation system, which is a generic software package for cell modeling, was completed m 1997. E-CI~ simulates the behavior of model cell(More)
Plant cells develop various types of endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-derived structures with specific functions. ER body, an ER-derived compartment in Arabidopsis thaliana, is a spindle-shaped structure. The NAI1 gene regulates the development of ER bodies because mutation of NAI1 abolishes the formation of ER bodies. To better understand the role of NAI1, we(More)
Starch synthase (SS) IIIa has the second highest activity of the total soluble SS activity in developing rice endosperm. Branching enzyme (BE) IIb is the major BE isozyme, and is strongly expressed in developing rice endosperm. A mutant (ss3a/be2b) was generated from wild-type japonica rice which lacks SSIIa activity. The seed weight of ss3a/be2b was 74-94%(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) has a unique, network-like morphology. The ER structures are composed of tubules, cisternae, and three-way junctions. This morphology is highly conserved among eukaryotes, but the molecular mechanism that maintains ER morphology has not yet been elucidated. In addition, certain Brassicaceae plants develop a unique ER-derived(More)
Amylopectin is a highly branched, organized cluster of glucose polymers, and the major component of rice starch. Synthesis of amylopectin requires fine co-ordination between elongation of glucose polymers by soluble starch synthases (SSs), generation of branches by branching enzymes (BEs), and removal of misplaced branches by debranching enzymes (DBEs).(More)
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