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A 1.6-kilobase pair cDNA was isolated from a human T-cell-derived expression library that encodes a novel eosinophil chemoattractant (designated ecalectin) expressed during allergic and parasitic responses. Based on its deduced amino acid sequence, ecalectin is a 36-kDa protein consisting of 323 amino acids. Although ecalectin lacks a hydrophobic signal(More)
Human cultured mast cells (HCMCs) grown from cord blood mononuclear cells in the presence of stem cell factor (SCF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expressed tryptase but no or low chymase in their cytoplasm. The addition of IL-4 to these cells strikingly increased chymase expression. Consequently, the activity of chymase was significantly higher in IL-4-treated(More)
Effects of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) on IgA production by LPS-stimulated B cells have been studied. TGF-beta itself could augment polyclonal IgA production in concomitant inhibition of polyclonal IgM and IgG1 production. Furthermore, TGF-beta and IL-5 additively augmented IgA production. TGF-beta exerted its activity early in the culture(More)
We have previously isolated and cloned a novel eosinophil chemoattractant (ECA) from a human T-cell-derived expression library. This ECA, termed ecalectin, is a variant of human galectin-9, a member of a beta-galactoside binding animal lectin family, which contains two conserved carbohydrate recognition domains (CRDs). In the present study, we addressed(More)
Cyclic AMP (cAMP) is well known to enhance tyrosine hydroxylase activity in PC12 cells. We were able to demonstrate, however, that the cellular dopamine level in PC12 was lowered by dibutyryl cAMP. Furthermore, the decrease in the cellular level of dopamine was accompanied by about a 10-fold increase in the medium. The aim of this work was to elucidate the(More)
Whether or not a nontransformed, mature mouse mast cell (MC) or its committed progenitor can change its granule protease phenotype during inflammatory responses, has not been determined. To address this issue, the granule morphology and protease content of the MC in the jejunum of BALB/c mice exposed to Trichinella spiralis were assessed during the course(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in inducing angiogenesis. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may have potential for differentiation to several types of cells, including myocytes. We hypothesized that transplantation of VEGF-expressing MSCs could effectively treat acute myocardial infarction (MI) by providing enhanced(More)
We have examined the cytokine regulation of IgE-dependent prostaglandin (PG) D2 generation in mouse mast cells by assessing the changes in the levels of the transcript, translated protein, and activity of the enzymes involved in the synthesis of PGD2 from endogenous arachidonic acid. When mouse mast cells, derived by culture of bone marrow cells with WEHI-3(More)
A novel lectin structure was found for a 17-kDa α-D-galactose-binding lectin (termed "MytiLec") isolated from the Mediterranean mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis. The complete primary structure of the lectin was determined by Edman degradation and mass spectrometric analysis. MytiLec was found to consist of 149 amino acids with a total molecular mass of(More)
The view that the two isoforms of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (cyclooxygenase), PGHS-1 and PGHS-2, mediate physiologic and inflammatory processes, respectively, implies separate pathways of arachidonic acid metabolism with different benefits to the host. Functional segregation of these steps in endogenous arachidonic acid metabolism in a single cell(More)