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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the appearance of the optic nerve head and lamina cribrosa in patients with glaucoma using spectral/Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to test for a correlation between lamina cribrosa thickness measured on SD-OCT images and visual field loss. DESIGN Observational case series. PARTICIPANTS We evaluated 52 eyes(More)
Metastasis of one tumor to another tumor within the same individual is considered rare. Lung cancer metastatic to renal cell carcinoma represents the most common combination of such tumor-to-tumor metastases. We present the autopsy case of a 97-year-old woman with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the lung to renal cell carcinoma.
It is reported that some, but not all, bacteria in human faeces are coated with secretory immunoglobulin A (S-IgA). We evaluated the proportion of S-IgA-coated bacteria to total intestinal bacteria (S-IgA coating ratio) in the gastrointestinal tract of two different strains of mice supplied by two different suppliers. The S-IgA coating ratio was(More)
Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumors of the fourth ventricle are rare brain tumors, and only 19 such lesions have been previously reported. This report presents the first case of a rosette-forming glioneuronal tumors arising from the spinal cord. A 44-year-old woman presented with a 15-year history of dissociated sensory disturbance of the lower extremities(More)
Extracts from St. John's Wort (SJW: Hypericum perforatum) have been used for the treatment of mild-to-moderate depression. In spite of the high therapeutic potential, orally administered SJW sometimes causes phototoxic skin responses. As such, the present study aimed to clarify the phototoxic mechanisms and to identify the major phototoxins of SJW extract.(More)
The development of the intestinal microbiota and the evolution of the fecal IgA in mice were analyzed from 18 to 40 days old by PCR temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE) and ELISA, respectively. There were two events for the diversification of the intestinal microbiota from suckling to maturity. The first change occurred between days 21 and 22(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the three-dimensional (3D), spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (3D,SD-OCT) imaging of the macular retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in eyes with glaucoma. METHODS The study included 38 eyes of 38 patients with glaucoma and 38 normal eyes of 38 volunteers. With a 3D raster scan SD-OCT protocol, 512 × 128 axial scans(More)
It has been shown that the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 promoter polymorphism 1G/2G is associated with an increased risk of developing various cancers including renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and is in linkage disequilibrium (LD) with the MMP-3 promoter polymorphism 5A/6A. These two genes are localized in 11q22 adjacent to each other. However, the(More)
The effects of voluntary wheel-running exercise on cecal microbiota and short-chain fatty acid production were investigated in rats. The microbiota composition was notably different between the exercised and sedentary rats. Furthermore, the exercised rats showed a significantly higher n-butyrate concentration than the sedentary rats. This alteration of the(More)