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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the appearance of the optic nerve head and lamina cribrosa in patients with glaucoma using spectral/Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to test for a correlation between lamina cribrosa thickness measured on SD-OCT images and visual field loss. DESIGN Observational case series. PARTICIPANTS We evaluated 52 eyes(More)
The effects of voluntary wheel-running exercise on cecal microbiota and short-chain fatty acid production were investigated in rats. The microbiota composition was notably different between the exercised and sedentary rats. Furthermore, the exercised rats showed a significantly higher n-butyrate concentration than the sedentary rats. This alteration of the(More)
Extracts from St. John's Wort (SJW: Hypericum perforatum) have been used for the treatment of mild-to-moderate depression. In spite of the high therapeutic potential, orally administered SJW sometimes causes phototoxic skin responses. As such, the present study aimed to clarify the phototoxic mechanisms and to identify the major phototoxins of SJW extract.(More)
Metastasis of one tumor to another tumor within the same individual is considered rare. Lung cancer metastatic to renal cell carcinoma represents the most common combination of such tumor-to-tumor metastases. We present the autopsy case of a 97-year-old woman with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the lung to renal cell carcinoma.
It has been shown that the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 promoter polymorphism 1G/2G is associated with an increased risk of developing various cancers including renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and is in linkage disequilibrium (LD) with the MMP-3 promoter polymorphism 5A/6A. These two genes are localized in 11q22 adjacent to each other. However, the(More)
It is reported that some, but not all, bacteria in human faeces are coated with secretory immunoglobulin A (S-IgA). We evaluated the proportion of S-IgA-coated bacteria to total intestinal bacteria (S-IgA coating ratio) in the gastrointestinal tract of two different strains of mice supplied by two different suppliers. The S-IgA coating ratio was(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to evaluate the Epstein criteria and the eligibility criteria for active surveillance in the Prostate Cancer Research International study by using immunohistochemical staining. METHODS We reviewed the clinicopathological data of 119 patients who underwent prostate biopsy, with prostate-specific antigen levels being ≤4 ng/ml. The data of(More)
Because of its poor solubility in acidic solution, oral absorption and efficacy of meloxicam (MEL) may be reduced in severe pain patients with impaired gastric motility. The present study aimed to develop salt forms to overcome these drawbacks. Upon MEL salt screening with eight counterions, five MEL salts were obtained. The physicochemical properties of(More)