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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the appearance of the optic nerve head and lamina cribrosa in patients with glaucoma using spectral/Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to test for a correlation between lamina cribrosa thickness measured on SD-OCT images and visual field loss. DESIGN Observational case series. PARTICIPANTS We evaluated 52 eyes(More)
OBJECT The goal of this study was to compare motor evoked potentials recorded from muscles (muscle MEPs or corticomuscular MEPs) with corticospinal MEPs recorded from the cervical epidural space (spinal MEPs or corticospinal MEPs) to assess their efficacy in the intraoperative monitoring of motor function. METHODS Muscle and spinal MEPs were(More)
Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumors of the fourth ventricle are rare brain tumors, and only 19 such lesions have been previously reported. This report presents the first case of a rosette-forming glioneuronal tumors arising from the spinal cord. A 44-year-old woman presented with a 15-year history of dissociated sensory disturbance of the lower extremities(More)
The effects of voluntary wheel-running exercise on cecal microbiota and short-chain fatty acid production were investigated in rats. The microbiota composition was notably different between the exercised and sedentary rats. Furthermore, the exercised rats showed a significantly higher n-butyrate concentration than the sedentary rats. This alteration of the(More)
The combination of Flinders Technology Associates filter papers (FTA cards) and real-time PCR was examined to establish a simple and rapid technique for the detection of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) from whole pig blood. A modified live PRRS vaccine was diluted with either sterilised saline or pig whole blood, and the(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the three-dimensional (3D), spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (3D,SD-OCT) imaging of the macular retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in eyes with glaucoma. METHODS The study included 38 eyes of 38 patients with glaucoma and 38 normal eyes of 38 volunteers. With a 3D raster scan SD-OCT protocol, 512 × 128 axial scans(More)
It is reported that some, but not all, bacteria in human faeces are coated with secretory immunoglobulin A (S-IgA). We evaluated the proportion of S-IgA-coated bacteria to total intestinal bacteria (S-IgA coating ratio) in the gastrointestinal tract of two different strains of mice supplied by two different suppliers. The S-IgA coating ratio was(More)
Contribution of intestinal bacterial degradation of quercetin aglycone to the promotive effects of fructooligosaccharides and di-D-fructose anhydride III (DFAIII) on quercetin-3-O-beta-glucoside (Q3G) bioavailability was examined. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed 0.68% Q3G diets with or without 1.5% or 3% oligosaccharides for 2 weeks. Blood levels and(More)
In order to identify the important factors involved in cationic liposome-mediated gene transfer, in vitro transfection efficiencies by plasmid DNA complexed with DOTMA/DOPE liposomes at different DNA/liposome mixing ratios were evaluated using four types of cultured cells with respect to their physicochemical properties. Significant changes were observed in(More)
The administration of probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) has been studied for its potential to prevent atopic dermatitis (AD). The objective of this study was to assess the inhibitory mechanism of a skin lesion by LAB using an experimental model that we previously demonstrated in NC/Nga mice. Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC533 (La1) was administered orally to(More)