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To investigate the efficacy of encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis (EDAS) for the treatment of pediatric moyamoya disease, we analyzed 11 patients who were followed up for more than 100 months. Among 22 sides in 11 patients, we performed EDAS on 16 sides in 10 pa- tients, encephalo-duro-arterio-myo-synangiosis (EDAMS) on 5 sides in 4 patients and(More)
This study evaluates the influence of preconditioning and subsequent electrical stimulation on the formation of primary and secondary lesions following spinal cord injury in rats. The dorsal surface of the spinal cord at the T7 level was stimulated 24 h before right-side hemisection (500 Hz, 10 pulses/train, at an inter-train interval of 10 sec for 2 h).(More)
CASE REPORT A neonate who had schizencephaly associated with ipsilateral chronic subdural fluid collection in the neonatal period is described. A boy was born to a healthy Japanese woman. After birth, the boy presented with rapid expansion of head circumference. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance images (MRI) of the head demonstrated left(More)
The present study evaluated the potential effect of geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), which is known as an antiulcer agent, against kainic acid (KA)-induced neurotoxicity. Pretreatment with a single oral GGA dose (800 mg/kg, 2 days before KA) significantly attenuated KA-induced seizures and cell death in rat hippocampus. These effects of GGA were prevented by(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the three-dimensional (3D), spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (3D,SD-OCT) imaging of the macular retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in eyes with glaucoma. METHODS The study included 38 eyes of 38 patients with glaucoma and 38 normal eyes of 38 volunteers. With a 3D raster scan SD-OCT protocol, 512 × 128 axial scans(More)
The present study evaluated the potential effect of geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), which is known as an antiulcer agent, against the delayed neuronal death (DND) of hippocampal neurons an otherwise lethal ischemic insult. Pretreatment with single oral GGA (800 mg/kg, 2 days before ischemia) significantly attenuated DND in gerbil hippocampus. These effects of(More)
OBJECT The goal of this study was to compare motor evoked potentials recorded from muscles (muscle MEPs or corticomuscular MEPs) with corticospinal MEPs recorded from the cervical epidural space (spinal MEPs or corticospinal MEPs) to assess their efficacy in the intraoperative monitoring of motor function. METHODS Muscle and spinal MEPs were(More)
BACKGROUND We report on a case of cerebral sparganosis that was correctly identified by a biopsy 10 years after the initial infection. CASE DESCRIPTION A 62-year-old man presented with an unusual case of cerebral sparganosis mansoni. He was admitted to our hospital for removal of a right frontal meningioma. Computed tomographic scan and MRI of the brain(More)
Glioblastoma is one of the most malignant tumors in humans. This tumor is thought to develop as a result of the accumulation of genetic abnormalities, mainly focused on the loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 10. O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), which is one of the most important DNA repair proteins, has also been reported that enzymatic(More)