Ryo C. Yanagita

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Hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum) accumulates benzoxazinones (Bxs) as defensive compounds. Previously, we found that five Bx biosynthetic genes, TaBx1-TaBx5, are located on each of the three genomes (A, B, and D) of hexaploid wheat. In this study, we isolated three homoeologous cDNAs of each TaBx gene to estimate the contribution of individual(More)
Two similarly sulfated triterpene saponins from Pearsonothuria graeffei were prepared to investigate the anti-obesity effects of echinoside A (EA) and holothurin A (HA). The in vitro inhibitory activities of EA and HA toward pancreatic lipase were investigated, and two in vivo studies were performed: (i) Male Wistar rats were orally administered the lipid(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes are widely recognized as targets for anticancer therapy, and recent investigations demonstrated that PKC activators are potential therapeutic candidates for Alzheimer's disease and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. However, concerns exist about their therapeutic uses because most PKC activators are potent tumor promoters.(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) is widely recognized as a therapeutic target in intractable diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer's disease (AD), and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). While inhibition of PKC is a general therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cancer, PKC activators are potential therapeutic agents for AD and AIDS. However, concerns have(More)
Conventional and novel protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes are the main targets of tumor promoters. We developed 1-hexylindolactam-V10 ( 5) as a selective activator for novel PKC isozymes that play important roles in various cellular processes related to tumor promotion, ischemia--reperfusion injury in the heart, and Alzheimer's disease. The compound existed as(More)
Aplog-1, a simplified analogue of tumor-promoting debromoaplysiatoxin, is antiproliferative but not tumor-promoting. Our recent study has suggested that local hydrophobicity around the spiroketal moiety is a crucial determinant for antiproliferative activity. To further clarify the structural features relevant to the activity, we synthesized two methyl(More)
The CH/pi interaction between the indole ring of indolactam-V (IL-V) and the hydrogen atom at position 4 of Pro-11 of the PKCdelta C1B domain was evaluated using the mutant peptide of the PKCdelta C1B domain, in which the CH/pi interaction was inhibited by substitution of the hydrogen atom with a fluorine atom. IL-V showed about a 10 times lower binding(More)
The 18-deoxy derivative (3) of a simplified analogue (1) of aplysiatoxin with antiproliferative activity was synthesized to examine the role of the phenolic hydroxyl group at position 18 in the biological activities of 1. Compound 3 as well as 1 showed significant affinity for protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ), and the antiproliferative activity of 3 was slightly(More)
Aplog-1 is a unique analog of tumor-promoting aplysiatoxin that inhibits tumor-promotion by phorbol diesters and proliferation of tumor cells. While the structural features relevant to the biological activities of Aplog-1 remain to be identified, recent studies by us have suggested that local hydrophobicity around the spiroketal moiety of Aplog-1 is a(More)
Debromoaplysiatoxin (DAT) is a tumor promoter isolated from sea hare and exhibits anti-proliferative activity against several cancer cell lines. To clarify key residues that are responsible for its tumor-promoting activity, we focused on the chiral methoxy group in the side chain, whose role had not yet been discussed or examined before. Demethoxy-DAT (8)(More)