Ryan Zarychanski

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CONTEXT Between March and July 2009, the largest number of confirmed cases of 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection occurred in North America. OBJECTIVE To describe characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of critically ill patients in Canada with 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS A prospective observational study of 168(More)
BACKGROUND In the context of 2009 pandemic influenza (H1N1) virus infection (pandemic H1N1 influenza), identifying correlates of the severity of disease is critical to guiding the implementation of antiviral strategies, prioritization of vaccination efforts and planning of health infrastructure. The objective of this study was to identify factors correlated(More)
IMPORTANCE Hydroxyethyl starch is commonly used for volume resuscitation yet has been associated with serious adverse events, including acute kidney injury and death. Clinical trials of hydroxyethyl starch are conflicting. Moreover, multiple trials from one investigator have been retracted because of scientific misconduct. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the(More)
ATTENTION: The analysis and conclusions of this article are being revised by the authors. This is due to the journal Anesthesia and Analgesia's retraction of a paper by Dr. Joachim Boldt, an author in seven of the studies analyzed in this review. As such, the editors of Open Medicine recommend interpreting this review with extreme caution until Zarychanski(More)
BACKGROUND Septic shock represents the major cause of infection-associated mortality in the intensive care unit. The possibility that combination antibiotic therapy of bacterial septic shock improves outcome is controversial. Current guidelines do not recommend combination therapy except for the express purpose of broadening coverage when resistant(More)
Hereditary xerocytosis (HX, MIM 194380) is an autosomal dominant hemolytic anemia characterized by primary erythrocyte dehydration. Copy number analyses, linkage studies, and exome sequencing were used to identify novel mutations affecting PIEZO1, encoded by the FAM38A gene, in 2 multigenerational HX kindreds. Segregation analyses confirmed transmission of(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the ability and accuracy of the S-100β protein in predicting prognosis after a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials and observational studies. DATA SOURCES Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, BIOSIS (from their inception(More)
BACKGROUND 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1) has led to a global increase in severe respiratory illness. Little is known about kidney outcomes and dialytic requirements in critically ill patients infected with pandemic H1N1. STUDY DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS 50 patients with pandemic H1N1 admitted to any of 7 intensive(More)
BACKGROUND Bicycle helmet legislation has been variably implemented in six of 10 Canadian provinces. The objectives of this study were to determine the association between the comprehensiveness of helmet legislation and both helmet use and bicycle ridership. METHODS Analysis of helmet use was based on data from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey(More)
BACKGROUND Mortality associated with colorectal cancer can be reduced by early detection. However, the participation of eligible people in colorectal cancer screening is thought to be inadequate. We examined the frequency of colorectal cancer screening in 4 Canadian provinces and the influence of patient contact with a family physician on the uptake of(More)