Ryan V. Ringer

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Blur detection is unaffected by cognitive load Lester C. Loschky, Ryan V. Ringer, Aaron P. Johnson, Adam M. Larson, Mark Neider & Arthur F. Kramer a Department of Psychological Sciences, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA b Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada c Department of Psychology, University of Findlay,(More)
Viewers can rapidly extract a holistic semantic representation of a real-world scene within a single eye fixation, an ability called recognizing the gist of a scene, and operationally defined here as recognizing an image's basic-level scene category. However, it is unknown how scene gist recognition unfolds over both time and space-within a fixation and(More)
A fundamental issue in visual attention is the relationship between the useful field of view (UFOV), the region of visual space where information is encoded within a single fixation, and eccentricity. A common assumption is that impairing attentional resources reduces the size of the UFOV (i.e., tunnel vision). However, most research has not accounted for(More)
We have developed a measure of transient changes in the useful field of view (UFOV) in simulators using gaze-contingent displays (GCDs). It can be used to evaluate safety-critical tasks such as driving or flight, and in training to increase the UFOV under cognitive load, stress, and fatigue. Unlike the established UFOV© measure, our measure can be used(More)
The Useful Field of View (UFOV) task assesses attentional breadth within a single glance. The UFOV has successfully predicted changes in attention that have real-world consequences (e.g. automobile collision likelihood), however its design prevents it from being incorporated into simulated environments (e.g. driving/flight simulators). Additionally, the(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to develop and test a new dynamic measure of transient changes to the useful field of view (UFOV), utilizing a gaze-contingent paradigm for use in realistic simulated environments. BACKGROUND The UFOV, the area from which an observer can extract visual information during a single fixation, has been correlated with driving performance(More)
Viewers can rapidly extract a holistic semantic representation of a real-world scene within a single eye fixation, an ability called recognizing the gist of a scene, and operationally defined here as recognizing an image’s basic-level scene category. However, it is unknown how scene gist recognition unfolds over both time and space — within a fixation and(More)
Scene gist, a viewer's holistic representation of a scene from a single eye fixation, has been extensively studied for terrestrial views, but not for aerial views. We compared rapid scene categorization of both views in three experiments to determine the degree to which diagnostic information is view dependent versus view independent.We found large(More)
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