Ryan T. Johnson

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Androgens are hypothesized to enhance aspects of mnemonic processing. However, it is unclear whether the memory improvement is associated with changes in earlier aspects of information processing, such as attention. The present experiments examined the effects of gonadectomy or supplementation with testosterone or dihydrotestosterone on performance of male(More)
The posterodorsal medial amygdala (MePD) exhibits numerous sex differences including differences in volume and in the number and morphology of neurons and astroctyes. In adulthood, gonadal hormones, including both androgens and estrogens, have been shown to play a role in maintaining the masculine character of many of these sex differences, but whether(More)
The posterodorsal portion of the medial amygdala (MePD) is sexually dimorphic in several rodent species. In several other brain nuclei, astrocytes change morphology in response to steroid hormones. We visualized MePD astrocytes using glial-fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunocytochemistry. We compared the number and process complexity of MePD astrocytes(More)
The amygdala has received considerable attention because of its established role in specific behaviors and disorders such as anxiety, depression, and autism. Studies have revealed that the amygdala is a complex and dynamic brain region that is highly connected with other areas of the brain. Previous works have focused on neurons, demonstrating that the(More)
Astrocytes in the posterodorsal portion of the medial amygdala (MePD) are sexually dimorphic in adult rats: males have more astrocytes in the right MePD and more elaborate processes in the left MePD than do females. Functional androgen receptors (ARs) are required for masculinization of MePD astrocytes, as these measures are demasculinized in adult males(More)
Embryonic tissues as elasticoviscous liquids. I. Rapid and slow shape changes in centnfuged cell aggregates 21 Brown. William J. and Wood, Eunice M. Ultrastructurel localization of cationic proteins in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes 37 Prescott. Lise and Brightman. Milton W. A technique for the freeze-fracture of tissue culture 45 Gro's, Formation and(More)
Excess nitric oxide (NO) production occurs in several pathological states, including neurodegeneration, ischemia, and inflammation, and is generally accompanied by increased oxidative/nitrosative stress. Carnosine [β-alanine-histidine (β-Ala-His)] has been reported to decrease oxidative/nitrosative stress-associated cell damage by reducing the amount of NO(More)
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