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Coincidence, or ghost, imaging is a technique that uses two correlated optical fields to form an image of an object. In this work we identify aspects of coincidence imaging which can be performed with classically correlated light sources and aspects which require quantum entanglement. We find that entangled photons allow high-contrast, high-resolution… (More)
UNLABELLED Ex vivo measurements in animals are used frequently in the field of nuclear medicine for the characterization of newly developed radioligands and for drug development. In vivo SPECT would replace these ex vivo measurements in a relatively large number of cases if one were able to adequately image small organs. The pinhole collimator has been used… (More)
We report on a momentum-position realization of the EPR paradox using direct detection in the near and far fields of the photons emitted by collinear type-II phase-matched parametric down conversion. Using this approach we achieved a measured two-photon momentum-position variance product of 0.01 variant Planck's over 2pi (2), which dramatically violates the… (More)
Recent demonstrations of teleportation have transferred quantum information encoded into either polarization or field-quadrature degrees of freedom (DOFs), but an outstanding question is how to simultaneously teleport quantum information encoded into multiple DOFs. We describe how the transverse-spatial, spectral and polarization states of a single photon… (More)
BACKGROUND Posture has been shown to influence the number of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESRs) and gastroesophageal reflux (GER), however, the physiology explaining the influence of right lateral position (RLP), and left lateral position (LLP) is not clear. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of RLP and LLP on TLESRs… (More)
We characterize a pp-KTP crystal designed to produce pure single mode squeezed vacuum at 1570 nm. Measurements show Hong-Ou-Mandel interference with 97% visibility and a circular joint spectral distribution with a Schmidt number of 1.08.
We have observed transverse pattern formation leading to highly regular structures in both the near and far fields when a near-resonant laser beam propagates without feedback through an atomic sodium vapor. One example is a regular far-field honeycomb pattern, which results from the transformation of the laser beam within the vapor into a stable three-lobed… (More)
We describe a scheme for distributing time-bin entangled photons to multiple pairs of clients. With clients linked through the strong spectral correlations between the photons, a single down-conversion source can serve many clients simultaneously.