Ryan Pemberton

Learn More
Density functional and ab initio methods have been used to study the mechanisms for key dynamic processes of the experimentally known S4-symmetric [16]annulene (1a). Using BH&HLYP/6-311+G** and B3LYP/6-311+G**, we located two viable stepwise pathways with computed energy barriers (Ea = 8-10 kcal/mol) for conformational automerization of 1a, in agreement(More)
Although the aromatic aza-Claisen rearrangement is a general strategy for accessing substituted aromatic amines, there are no highly enantioselective examples of this process. We report the first Brønsted acid catalyzed enantioselective indole aza-Claisen rearrangement for the synthesis of chiral 3-amino-2-substituted indoles. We present evidence for an(More)
We report density-functional and coupled-cluster calculations on conformation change and degenerate bond shifting in [10]annulene isomers 1-5. At the CCSD(T)/cc-pVDZ//CCSD/6-31G level, conversion of the twist (1) to the heart (2) has a barrier of 10.1 kcal/mol, compared to Ea = 16.2 kcal/mol for degenerate "two-twist" bond shifting in 1. Pseudorotation in(More)
Density functional and coupled cluster calculations show that facile thermal configuration change in [12]annulene occurs via a twist-coupled bond-shifting mechanism. The transition state for this process is highly aromatic with Möbius topology. At the CCSD(T)/cc-pVDZ//BH&HLYP/6-311+G** level, the isomerization of tri-trans-[12]annulene 1a (CTCTCT) to its(More)
A biomimetic total synthesis of santalin Y, a structurally complex but racemic natural product, is described. The key step is proposed to be a (3+2) cycloaddition of a benzylstyrene to a "vinylogous oxidopyrylium", which is followed by an intramolecular Friedel-Crafts reaction. This cascade generates the unique oxafenestrane framework of the target molecule(More)
Quantum chemical calculations on the isomerization of 24-methylenecycloartanol are described. An energetically viable mechanism, with a rate-determining protonation step, is proposed. This rearrangement may find applicability in tests for determining if an olive oil has been refined.
Computational chemistry approaches for studying the formation of terpenes/terpenoids in wines are presented, using five particular terpenes/terpenoids (1,8-cineole, α-ylangene, botrydial, rotundone, and the wine lactone), volatile compounds (or their precursors) found in wine and/or wine grapes, as representative examples. Through these examples, we show(More)
Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a negative-sense RNA virus and a significant cause of respiratory infection in infants and the elderly. No effective vaccines or antiviral therapies are available for the treatment of RSV. ALS-8176 is a first-in-class nucleoside prodrug inhibitor of RSV replication currently under clinical evaluation. ALS-8112, the(More)
The olive fruit fly Bactrocera oleae targets the fruits of olive trees in the Mediterranean and has been causing increasing economic harm to Californian growers. Past efforts to combat Bactrocera oleae by limiting the spread of its population have included traps, bait sprays, barrier films, and the release of natural predators, but these methods do little(More)