Ryan Pemberton

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A biomimetic total synthesis of santalin Y, a structurally complex but racemic natural product, is described. The key step is proposed to be a (3+2) cycloaddition of a benzylstyrene to a "vinylogous oxidopyrylium", which is followed by an intramolecular Friedel-Crafts reaction. This cascade generates the unique oxafenestrane framework of the target molecule(More)
Density functional and ab initio methods have been used to study the mechanisms for key dynamic processes of the experimentally known S4-symmetric [16]annulene (1a). Using BH&HLYP/6-311+G** and B3LYP/6-311+G**, we located two viable stepwise pathways with computed energy barriers (Ea = 8-10 kcal/mol) for conformational automerization of 1a, in agreement(More)
Computational chemistry approaches for studying the formation of terpenes/terpenoids in wines are presented, using five particular terpenes/terpenoids (1,8-cineole, α-ylangene, botrydial, rotundone, and the wine lactone), volatile compounds (or their precursors) found in wine and/or wine grapes, as representative examples. Through these examples, we show(More)
Quantum chemical calculations on the isomerization of 24-methylenecycloartanol are described. An energetically viable mechanism, with a rate-determining protonation step, is proposed. This rearrangement may find applicability in tests for determining if an olive oil has been refined.
Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a negative-sense RNA virus and a significant cause of respiratory infection in infants and the elderly. No effective vaccines or antiviral therapies are available for the treatment of RSV. ALS-8176 is a first-in-class nucleoside prodrug inhibitor of RSV replication currently under clinical evaluation. ALS-8112, the(More)
Dynamics calculations are described for carbocation rearrangements involving product-forming pathways with post-transition-state bifurcations. We show that noncovalent interactions with associated benzene rings (a simple model of aromatic amino acid side chains) can switch inherent dynamical tendencies for competing modes of disrotation, establishing that(More)
The olive fruit fly Bactrocera oleae targets the fruits of olive trees in the Mediterranean and has been causing increasing economic harm to Californian growers. Past efforts to combat Bactrocera oleae by limiting the spread of its population have included traps, bait sprays, barrier films, and the release of natural predators, but these methods do little(More)
Quantum chemical calculations coupled to experiments were used to predict covalent hydration propensities of biologically relevant α-ketoamides. Experimentally determined hydration equilibrium constants for related ketones and aldehydes were compared to computationally determined values to develop a method for predicting hydration equilibrium constants.(More)
The development of the domino reaction between an aminoethyl-substituted diene and maleic anhydride to afford an N-substituted octahydroisoquinolin-1-one is described. A typical procedure involves the treatment of a 1-aminoethyl-substituted butadiene with maleic anhydride at 0 °C to room temperature for 20 min under low-solvent conditions, which affords a(More)