Ryan Palivela Raju

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Glutamate is a major fast excitatory neurotransmitter in the CNS including the hypothalamus. Our previous experiments in hypothalamic neuronal cultures showed that a long-term decrease in glutamate excitation upregulates ACh excitatory transmission. Data suggested that in the absence of glutamate activity in the hypothalamus in vitro, ACh becomes the major(More)
INTRODUCTION Antibiotic resistance has complicated the management of the draining ear. In this study, we examine the factors predisposing to resistance, as well as the role culture played in the management of these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients with a complaint of otorrhea during a 3-year(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to better define changes in the bacteriology of suppurative otitis in recent years and the role of cultures in the management of these patients. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective review was performed. METHODS Outpatient records from 170 patients collected over 3 years with information regarding the bacteria cultured,(More)
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