Ryan P. Taylor

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The aim of this study was to determine the effects of acute bouts of exercise on myocardial recovery after ischemia and heat shock protein expression. Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: 1) 1-day run (1DR; n = 6) and 2) 3-day run (3DR; n = 7), in which rats ran for 100 min at a speed of 20 m/min up a 6 degrees grade for 1 or 3(More)
The autosomal dominant mutation in the human alphaB-crystallin gene inducing a R120G amino acid exchange causes a multisystem, protein aggregation disease including cardiomyopathy. The pathogenesis of cardiomyopathy in this mutant (hR120GCryAB) is poorly understood. Here, we show that transgenic mice overexpressing cardiac-specific hR120GCryAB recapitulate(More)
The mediators of acute exercise-induced preconditioning against ischemia-reperfusion injury are not understood. This study assesses the role of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), a reported mediator of other forms of preconditioning. Male Fischer 344 rats were divided into five groups (n = 6-7): sedentary (Sed); exercised 2 days on a treadmill at 20 m/min, 6(More)
Small MW heat shock proteins (i.e. sHSPs approximately 15-30 kDa) share significant sequence similarity within the "alpha-crystallin domain" but exhibit different patterns of gene expression, transcriptional regulation, sub-cellular localization, and, perhaps, function. The chaperone-like properties of many sHSPs are defined biochemically by their ability(More)
The abundantly expressed small molecular weight proteins, CRYAB and HSPB2, have been implicated in cardioprotection ex vivo. However, the biological roles of CRYAB/HSPB2 coexpression for either ischemic preconditioning and/or protection in situ remain poorly defined. Wild-type (WT) and age-matched ( approximately 5-9 mo) CRYAB/HSPB2 double knockout (DKO)(More)
It is now well established that exercise can result in cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury; however, the adaptations within the heart that provide the protection are still in doubt. The cytoprotective proteins receiving the most attention to date are antioxidant enzymes and heat shock proteins. The extent of I-R injury is dependent on(More)
For many years investigators have been researching methods of preconditioning the myocardium against ischaemia-induced damage; however, a majority of this research has been carried out in young animals and cells. Normal ageing is accompanied by changes in the human myocardium that decrease its capacity to tolerate and respond to various forms of stress.(More)
Synthesis of inducible heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) is impaired in aged animals following acute stresses including exercise. In this study we determined whether aging affects expression of this cytoprotective protein following chronic exercise participation. Male Fischer 344 rats, final ages 6 and 24 months, exercised identically for 10 weeks on a(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether exercise training could precondition the myocardium against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced damage. METHODS Male Fischer 344 rats ran on a treadmill for 9 weeks (60 min/day, 22 m/min, 6 degrees grade, 5 days/week). Isolated perfused working hearts from exercise trained (ET, n=8) and(More)
Exercise improves cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion in young animals but has not been investigated in older animals, which represent the population most likely to suffer an ischemic event. Therefore, we sought to determine the effects of aging on exercise-induced cardioprotection. Young, middle-aged, and old (4, 12, and 21 mo old) male Fischer(More)