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At currently achievable Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance broadband mass spectrometry resolving power (m/deltam50% > 350,000 for 200 < m/z < 1,000), it would be necessary to spread out a conventional mass spectrum over approximately 200 m in order to provide visual resolution of the most closely resolved peaks. Fortunately, there are natural gaps in(More)
Mass spectrometry is well-suited for complex mixture analysis, because unlike other types of spectroscopy, the number of mass spectral peaks per analyte is of order one. Here, we extend significantly the upper limit for the number of chemically distinct components resolved and identified in a single step. Specifically, electrospray selectively ionizes only(More)
Each different molecular elemental composition-e.g., C(c)H(h)N(n)O(o)S(s)-has a different exact mass. With sufficiently high mass resolving power (m/Deltam(50%) approximately 400,000, in which m is molecular mass and Deltam(50%) is the mass spectral peak width at half-maximum peak height) and mass accuracy (<300 ppb) up to approximately 800 Da, now(More)
Ultrahigh-resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry has recently revealed that petroleum crude oil contains heteroatom-containing (N,O,S) organic components having more than 20,000 distinct elemental compositions (C(c)H(h)N(n)O(o)S(s)). It is therefore now possible to contemplate the ultimate characterization of all of the(More)
We have coupled atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI) to a home-built 9.4-T Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometer. Analysis of naphtho[2,3-a]pyrene and crude oil mass spectra reveals that protonated molecules, deprotonated molecules, and radical molecular ions are formed simultaneously in the ion source, thereby(More)
We investigated dissolved organic matter (DOM) metabolism by employing plug-flow biofilm reactors and ultra– high resolution mass spectrometry of DOM isolated by C 18 extraction in two forested stream ecosystems, a low DOM tropical stream sampled at baseflow and a higher DOM temperate stream sampled during a storm. On passage through the bioreactors, DOM(More)
Ultrahigh-resolution electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry has resolved and identified the elemental compositions of over 10000 organic constituents of coal and petroleum crude oil. A plot of Kendrick mass defect versus Kendrick nominal mass sorts compounds into homologous series according to compound class(More)
We present a new method for molecular characterization of intact biochar directly, without sample preparation or pretreatment, on the basis of desorption atmospheric pressure photoionization (DAPPI) coupled to Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FTICR) mass spectrometry. Conventional ionization methods (e.g., electrospray or atmospheric pressure(More)