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Cardio-pulmonary function was measured in male broilers reared on diets formulated to contain 1.5% arginine (NORMAL group) or 2.5% arginine (ARGININE group). A snare placed around the right pulmonary artery permitted acute shunting of the entire cardiac output (CO) through the left pulmonary artery, resulting in sustained increases in blood flow (BF)(More)
Acutely tightening a snare around one pulmonary artery previously was shown to trigger a reversible ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) mismatch in broilers, as reflected by decreases in the partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (hypoxemia), accompanied by increases in the hydrogen ion concentration (acidosis) and partial pressure of carbon dioxide(More)
Experiments were conducted to evaluate the pulmonary vascular responses of lightly anesthetized clinically healthy male broilers during acute metabolic acidosis induced by bolus i.v. injections or constant i.v. infusions of HCl. In Experiment 1, broilers received consecutive 1.5 mL i.v. bolus injections of 2.5% mannitol (volume control) and 0.4 N, 0.8 N,(More)
Experiment 1 compared the development of 2- to 4-cell bovine embryos cultured in synthetic oviductal fluid with 20% fetal calf serum or 3.2% BSA and in the presence of oviductal cells, cumulus cells, or medium alone. More embryos developed in medium with serum, regardless of culture method (P=0.063). Oviductal cell co-culture resulted in more embryos(More)
Syndromes such as ascites (pulmonary hypertension syndrome) present difficulties both in the interpretation of associated physiological observations and in their analyses. The ability to predict which physiological variables have the greatest influence on survival or, more importantly, which individuals are most susceptible or resistant to ascites would be(More)
Studies conducted in 1975 and 1976 were made of lightweight Herefored steers, pastured on native grass pasture and infested with Gulf Coast ticks, Amblyomma maculatum Koch. The effects of tick infestations on the blood composition and weights of steers over an 8-week period were measured each year and compared to tick-free animals maintained similarly. By(More)
Three hundred fifty 1-day-old large white turkeys were reared in brooding batteries to 10 days of age, after which they were moved to floor pens on litter. At 7 weeks of age, poults were allotted into four treatment groups as follows: 1) virulent hemorrhagic enteritis virus (HEV) alone (100 turkeys), 2) Escherichia coli alone (100 turkeys), 3) HEV + E. coli(More)
From 10 +/- 3.5 d after parturition to 149 +/- 3.5 d of lactation, 146 cows (109 Holstein and 37 Ayrshires) were fed either a 15 or 20% crude protein diet of 45% sorghum silage and 55% concentrate. Milk production was enhanced by the 20% protein diet, but percentage of milk fat and protein were unchanged. Average daily intake of DM was unaffected by diet.(More)
It was recently reported that cows inseminated at approximately 10 or 20 h before an expected ovulation deliver predominately a bull or heifer calf, respectively. The objective of this study was to further investigate the effect of timing of insemination on the gender of offspring in cattle. Angus heifers (n = 41) and cows (n = 98) were used in the study.(More)