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Chronic exposure of blood vessels to cardiovascular risk factors such as free fatty acids, LDL-cholesterol, homocysteine and hyperglycemia can give rise to endothelial dysfunction, partially due to decreased synthesis and bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO). Many of these same risk factors have been shown to induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in(More)
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the method of choice for symptomatic cholelithiasis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy during pregnancy is also becoming more accepted, as illustrated by several recent publications on this subject. In the third trimester, however, laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been less commonly attempted, with only a few case reports.(More)
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