Ryan McArthur

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The effect of additional dietary trans fatty acids (7% energy) on plasma lipids was assessed in a double-blind comparison of four separate diets: 1, enriched with butter fat (lauric-myristic-palmitic); 2, oleic acid-rich; 3, elaidic acid-rich; 4, palmitic acid-rich. The total dietary period was 11 weeks and comprised normal foods plus specific fat(More)
Twenty-one mildly hypercholesterolemic men aged 30-59 y were provided with comparable barley and wheat foods for each of 4 wk in a crossover-designed experiment. The purpose of the study was to examine the influence of two sources of dietary fiber (nonstarch polysaccharides, NSP) on blood lipids and glucose concentrations. Barley contains beta-glucan as a(More)
The effects of oat bran and wheat bran on plasma lipid concentrations were compared in a crossover study. Each bran (123 g oat bran or 54 g wheat bran) added nearly 18 g of nonstarch polysaccharide to a background diet containing about 10 g nonstarch polysaccharide. Twenty-three men (average plasma cholesterol level = 5.84 mmol/L, and(More)
The aim was to establish whether interesterification of oils, an alternative to the use of trans fatty acids in margarine manufacture, adversely affects plasma lipids. Twenty-seven hypercholesterolemic men participated in a double-blind, crossover trial of three margarines: 1) high-linoleic acid, moderate trans fatty acids; 2) high-palm oil blend(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the blood pressure responses in elderly normotensive men and women to dietary sodium and to the diunsaturated fatty acid dihomogammalinolenic acid (DGLA), which is derived from linoleic acid. DESIGN Blood pressure responses were assessed in 66 subjects (36 male, 30 female; mean age 65 years) on two diets differing by approximately(More)
We tested semihardened blends of edible oils, suitable for commercial food manufacture, with a lower-than-conventional saturated fatty acid content, for their effects on plasma cholesterol. Twenty-six mildly hypercholesterolemic men took part in a double-blind crossover experiment in which two test blends were compared with two control dietary periods(More)
The plasma cholesterol lowering potential of canned baked beans was examined in a cross-over comparison with canned spaghetti. The difference in total dietary non-starch polysaccharide (NSP) of 12 g daily (6.6 g difference in soluble NSP), was insufficient to alter the plasma cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglyceride and glucose concentrations in 20 mildly(More)
As one of several dose reconstruction projects, the Off-site Radiation Exposure Review Project needed to develop models that reflect processes and lifestyles of the past and obtain accurate and adequate historical data to drive the models. One of the critical pieces, ultimately used to estimate the potential dose to people in the area surrounding the Nevada(More)
The decision for PJP prophylaxis depends on a physician's evaluation of multiple variables. The high rate of PJP infection described in this article combined with the known impaired T-cell function post Bendamustine treatment justifies considering all patients for PJP prophylaxis when they receive Bendamustine treatment.
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