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Urban development substantially alters the physicochemistry of streams, resulting in biodiversity and ecosystem function loss. However, interregional comparisons of physicochemical impact in urban streams suggest that geoclimatic heterogeneity may influence the extent of degradation. In the Mid-Atlantic United States, the adjacent Coastal Plain and Piedmont(More)
The interaction between human activities and watershed geology is accelerating long-term changes in the carbon cycle of rivers. We evaluated changes in bicarbonate alkalinity, a product of chemical weathering, and tested for long-term trends at 97 sites in the eastern United States draining over 260,000 km(2). We observed statistically significant(More)
Early-stage Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha embryos were incubated in artificial redds that mimicked hyporheic conditions in gravel-augmented habitat to assess survivorship. Two complementary experiments were conducted where units varied along gradients of (1) increasing interstitial flow velocity (0·05-2·50 cm s⁻¹) in a uniformly coarse (particles(More)
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