Ryan M. Nottingham

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Mannose 6-phosphate receptors (MPRs) deliver newly synthesized lysosomal enzymes to endosomes and then recycle to the Golgi. MPR recycling requires Rab9 GTPase; Rab9 recruits the cytosolic adaptor TIP47 and enhances its ability to bind to MPR cytoplasmic domains during transport vesicle formation. Rab9-bearing vesicles then fuse with the trans-Golgi network(More)
GCC185, a trans-Golgi network-localized protein predicted to assume a long, coiled-coil structure, is required for Rab9-dependent recycling of mannose 6-phosphate receptors (MPRs) to the Golgi and for microtubule nucleation at the Golgi via CLASP proteins. GCC185 localizes to the Golgi by cooperative interaction with Rab6 and Arl1 GTPases at adjacent sites(More)
Rab GTPases regulate all steps of membrane trafficking. Their interconversion between active, GTP-bound states and inactive, GDP-bound states is regulated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors and GTPase-activating proteins. The substrates for most Rab GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) are unknown. Rab9A and its effectors regulate transport of mannose(More)
Rab GTPases regulate vesicle budding, motility, docking, and fusion. In cells, their cycling between active, GTP-bound states and inactive, GDP-bound states is regulated by the action of opposing enzymes called guanine nucleotide exchange factors and GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs). The substrates for most RabGAPs are unknown, and the potential for(More)
Next-generation RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) has revolutionized transcriptome profiling, gene expression analysis, and RNA-based diagnostics. Here, we developed a new RNA-seq method that exploits thermostable group II intron reverse transcriptases (TGIRTs) and used it to profile human plasma RNAs. TGIRTs have higher thermostability, processivity, and fidelity(More)
Next-generation RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) has revolutionized our ability to analyze transcriptomes. Current RNA-seq methods are highly reproducible, but each has biases resulting from different modes of RNA sample preparation, reverse transcription, and adapter addition, leading to variability between methods. Moreover, the transcriptome cannot be profiled(More)
RNA silencing is a conserved eukaryotic gene expression regulatory mechanism mediated by small RNAs. In Caenorhabditis elegans, the accumulation of a distinct class of siRNAs synthesized by an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) requires the PIR-1 phosphatase. However, the function of PIR-1 in RNAi has remained unclear. Since mammals lack an analogous siRNA(More)
RNA is secreted from cells enclosed within extracellular vesicles (EVs). Defining the RNA composition of EVs is challenging due to their co-isolation with contaminants, a lack of knowledge of the mechanisms of RNA sorting into EVs and limitations of conventional RNAseq methods. Here we present our observations using thermostable group II intron reverse(More)