Ryan M. Gelfand

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We demonstrate the trapping of single 20 and 40 nm polystyrene spheres at the cleaved end of a fiber optic with a double nanohole aperture in gold and without any microscope optics. An optical transmission increase of 15% indicates a trapping event for the 40 nm particle, and the jump is 2% for the 20 nm particle. This modular technique can be used to(More)
We report on a novel nanoinjection-based shortwave infrared imager, which consists of InGaAs/GaAsSb/InAlAs/InP-based nanoinjection detectors with internal gain. The imager is 320Â256 pixels with a 30-m pixel pitch. The test pixels show responsivity values in excess of 2500 A/W, indicating generation of more than 2000 electrons/photon with high quantum(More)
We report on the signal-to-noise performance of a nanoinjection imager, which is based on a short-wave IR InGaAs/GaAsSb/InP detector with an internal avalanche-free amplification mechanism. Test pixels in the imager show responsivity values reaching 250 A/W at 1550 nm, -75 degrees C, and 1.5V due to an internal charge amplification mechanism in the(More)
Double nanohole (DNH) laser tweezers can optically trap and manipulate objects such as proteins, nanospheres, and other nanoparticles; however, precise fabrication of those DNHs has been expensive with low throughput. In this work, template stripping was used to pattern DNHs with gaps as small as 7 nm, in optically thick Au films. These DNHs were used to(More)
We present a new structure that combines a metal-dielectric-metal sandwich with a periodic structure to form a plasmon polariton photonic crystal. Three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulations show a clear bandgap in the terahertz regime. We exploited this property by adding a defect to the crystal, which produces a cavity with a quality(More)
We present spatial mapping of optical force generated near the hot spot of a metal-dielectric-metal bowtie nanoantenna at a wavelength of 1550 nm. Maxwell's stress tensor method has been used to simulate the optical force and it agrees well with the experimental data. This method could potentially produce field intensity and optical force mapping(More)
—Exploiting optical nano-antennas to boost the near-field confinement within a small volume can increase the limit of molecular detection by an order of magnitude. We present a novel antenna design based on Au–SiO 2 –Au single nanorod integrated on the facet of a quantum cascade laser operating in the midinfrared region of the optical spectrum.(More)
Optical nanoantennas are capable of enhancing the near-field intensity and confining optical energy within a small spot size. We report a novel metal-dielectric-metal coupled-nanorods antenna integrated on the facet of a quantum-cascade laser. Finite-difference time-domain simulations showed that, for dielectric thicknesses in the range from 10 to 30 nm,(More)
Recently, self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) have been used for plasmonic rulers to measure the nonlocal influence on the Au nanoparticle - metal film resonance wavelength shift and probe the ultimate field enhancement. Here we examine the influence of surface roughness on this plasmonic ruler in the nonlocal regime by comparing plasmonic resonance shifts for(More)
Nanoaperture optical tweezers are emerging as useful label-free, free-solution tools for the detection and identification of biological molecules and their interactions at the single molecule level. Nanoaperture optical tweezers provide a low-cost, scalable, straight-forward, high-speed and highly sensitive (SNR ∼ 33) platform to observe real-time dynamics(More)