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The aim of this paper is to update the over 20-year-old normative data for the Benton Controlled Word Association (COWA) Test. In a sample of 360 normal volunteers, the age ranged between 16-70 years, and the educational level ranged from 7-22 years. Care was taken to ensure that the population was heterogeneous, yet the two stratifications of gender, four(More)
Verbal learning was assessed according to the Selective Reminding Test (SRT) in order to establish normative data and to provide a comparison with measures of immediate attention, verbal IQ, and verbal memory. The 392 subjects, stratified by sex (202 women, 190 men), age (4 groups: 16-70 years), and education (3 groups), were free of conflicting(More)
The current study investigated labeling effects in groups of institutionalized adolescents. Self-concepts of 111 delinquents, 33 adolescent psychiatric inpatients, and 119 high school students were assessed in relation to three relevant social labels (popular teenager, juvenile delinquent, and emotionally disturbed teenager). A semantic differential(More)
Data collection using the life event calendar method is growing, but reliability is not well established. We examine test-retest reliability of monthly self-reports of criminal behavior collected using a life event calendar from a random sample of minimum and medium security prisoners. Tabular analysis indicates substantial agreement between self-reports of(More)
While the US Supreme Court was considering two related cases involving the constitutionality of same-sex marriage, one major question informing that decision was whether scientific research had achieved consensus regarding how children of same-sex couples fare. Determining the extent of consensus has become a key aspect of how social science evidence and(More)
The assessment of memory typically includes tests for both audioverbal and visuospatial processing, while measurements of learning have primarily utilized the audioverbal mode. However, there exists no compelling reason why learning should not also be assessed in the visuospatial mode. The Ruff Light Trail Learning Test (RULIT) represents such an option.(More)
A new measure of selective attention was presented to 259 normal volunteers. The test was derived from earlier work which emphasized the importance of controlling the distracting conditions using a selective-attention paradigm. In the present study a paper-and-pencil, digit-cancellation format was introduced and the data documented a significant(More)
Measures of word fluency have been convincingly linked in the literature to damage in the left prefrontal lobe region. Yet, a reduction in word fluency has also been reported with diffuse, multifocal and nonfrontal lobe damage. Despite the undisputed neuropsychological application of multiple word fluency measures, the psychological construct underlying(More)