Learn More
Abrupt coronary occlusion was performed in anaesthetised, open-chest dogs with pre-occlusion arterial blood PO2 ranging from 8.0 to 10.7 kPa (60 to mmHg). Ventricular fibrillation occurred in 15/19 dogs with high spontaneous heart rate (less than 155 beats.min-1) and in 0/8 dogs with low spontaneous heart rate (less than 155 beats.min-1). Dogs with low(More)
Beta-blockade is of proven value in the therapy of acute myocardial infarction but, unfortunately, may produce cardiac failure by removal of needed sympathetic support. The long duration of action of available blockers (hours) makes reversal of failure a complicated problem and precludes rapid modification of therapy to match changing autonomic conditions.(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the strength and persistence of cocaine-induced conditioned activity in young and adult rats. A one-trial protocol has proven useful for studying the ontogeny of psychostimulant-induced behavioral sensitization; therefore, a similar procedure was used to examine conditioned activity. On postnatal day (PD) 19 or(More)
The importance of cardioselectivity and membrane depressant activity in the ability of beta-adrenergic antagonists to limit myocardial infarct size was assessed in the dog. Infarction was produced by a 60 min occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery followed by reperfusion into a critical stenosis. Infarct size was significantly reduced by atenolol,(More)
ASL-8052, a novel beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist, was studied in isolated guinea pig cardiac and tracheal tissues, in isolated frog sciatic nerves, and in anesthetized dogs. The compound was a moderately potent beta-adrenoceptor antagonist in right atria (pA2 6.96) but was much less active in tracheal tissues (pA2 5.33), indicating cardioselective(More)
SQ 11725 was approximately 1/3 as potent as propranolol in blocking the stimulant effects of isoproterenol in vitro, but was 2-4 times more potent than propranolol in blocking the diastolic blood-pressure and heart-rate responses, respectively, to isoproterenol in vivo. SQ 11725 had no depressant effects on contractile force of isolated guinea pig atrial(More)
Aripiprazole is a second-generation antipsychotic that is increasingly being prescribed to children and adolescents. Despite this trend, little preclinical research has been done on the neural and behavioral actions of aripiprazole during early development. In the present study, young male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with vehicle,(More)
The ability of propranolol to limit myocardial infarct size (IS) following coronary artery occlusion with and without reperfusion into a critical stenosis was assessed in the dog. IS was determined by the nitrobluetetrazolium staining method and expressed as percent of the left ventricle (free wall plus septum). In Series 1 dogs the left circumflex coronary(More)
There is little information on the neuroendocrine effects of PCP. The present study examined the effects of the acute subcutaneous administration of PCP on serum levels of corticosterone, growth hormone and prolactin in the male rat. PCP increased serum levels of corticosterone, decreased serum levels of prolactin and failed to affect growth hormone levels.(More)