Ryan H. Smith

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This study examined the effects of pleasant imagery and type of pleasant imagery on the relief of acute and chronic pain. Two images were used in alternation, both selected from five images generated by the patient. The first image was the one most preferred by the patient; the second was the one determined by the experimenter to represent the most(More)
When African violet leaf explants are cultured in vitro, buds and shoots develop directly from the upper leaf surfaces. Three developmentally different African violet chimeras were cultured, and in each case adventitious shoots that developed into plants had the parent chimera pattern. A multicellular origin of the adventitious buds accounts for these(More)
A " black water " event, as observed from satellites, occurred off southwest Florida in 2012. Satellite observations suggested that the event started in early January and ended in mid-April 2012. The black water patch formed off central west Florida and advected southward towards Florida Bay and the Florida Keys with the shelf circulation, which was(More)
During April to June 2009, a large bolus of Amazon River water impacted the northeastern Caribbean Sea. Shipboard observations collected near Saba Bank, the U.S. and British Virgin Islands, and the Anegada Passage showed low surface salinity (35.76 AE 0.05 Practical Salinity Unit (PSU)), elevated surface temperature (26.77 AE 0.14°C), high chlorophyll-a(More)
Observed distributions of high-speed plasma flows at distances of 10 to 30 Earth radii (R(E)) in Earth's magnetotail neutral sheet are highly skewed toward the premidnight sector. The flows are a product of the magnetic reconnection process that converts magnetic energy stored in the magnetotail into plasma kinetic and thermal energy. We show, using global(More)
The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System (MBRS) is the second longest barrier reef system in the world, extending more than 1,000 km along the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. The MBRS is of high ecological and economic importance to the western Caribbean region and contains essential habitat and spawning sites for a number of reef fish species such as(More)