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When African violet leaf explants are cultured in vitro, buds and shoots develop directly from the upper leaf surfaces. Three developmentally different African violet chimeras were cultured, and in each case adventitious shoots that developed into plants had the parent chimera pattern. A multicellular origin of the adventitious buds accounts for these(More)
During April to June 2009, a large bolus of Amazon River water impacted the northeastern Caribbean Sea. Shipboard observations collected near Saba Bank, the U.S. and British Virgin Islands, and the Anegada Passage showed low surface salinity (35.76 AE 0.05 Practical Salinity Unit (PSU)), elevated surface temperature (26.77 AE 0.14°C), high chlorophyll-a(More)
A " black water " event, as observed from satellites, occurred off southwest Florida in 2012. Satellite observations suggested that the event started in early January and ended in mid-April 2012. The black water patch formed off central west Florida and advected southward towards Florida Bay and the Florida Keys with the shelf circulation, which was(More)
Since the interaction of the parasitic wasp Habrobracon with the space environment could not be prejudged, we decided to test approximately 30 different parameters of a genetic, mutational, biochemical, behavioral, and physiological character in the one spaceflight we had at our disposal. These parameters were examined at six different exposures of(More)
Genetic effects associated with space flight include mutation induction by the space flight itself, and enhancements or antagonisms of radiation-induced mutations. The conditions of space flight vary in mutagenic effectiveness from no response at all to responses nine times that found in ground-based controls. The test systems follow the sensitivity(More)