Ryan G Parsons

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The mammalian target of rapamycin kinase (mTOR) regulates protein synthesis in neurons at the translational level through phosphorylation of several intracellular targets. Recent work in invertebrates indicates that mTOR-dependent translational control may be critical for the induction and maintenance of activity-dependent synaptic plasticity underlying(More)
Post-traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder and phobia manifest in ways that are consistent with an uncontrollable state of fear. Their development involves heredity, previous sensitizing experiences, association of aversive events with previous neutral stimuli, and inability to inhibit or extinguish fear after it is chronic and disabling. We highlight(More)
The medial geniculate nucleus of the thalamus responds to auditory information and is a critical part of the neural circuitry underlying aversive conditioning with auditory signals for shock. Prior work has shown that lesions of this brain area selectively disrupt conditioning with auditory stimuli and that neurons in the medial geniculate demonstrate(More)
Numerous studies have indicated that maintaining a fear memory after retrieval requires de novo protein synthesis. However, no study to date has examined how the temporal dynamics of repeated retrieval events affect this protein synthesis requirement. The present study varied the timing of a second retrieval of an established auditory fear memory and(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is important for regulating protein translation. The present study characterized the role of mTOR-dependent translation in the dorsal hippocampus (DH) during the consolidation and reconsolidation of contextual fear memory. We first showed that fear conditioning resulted in increased phosphorylation of p70s6(More)
Synaptic modification supporting memory formation is thought to depend on gene expression and protein synthesis. Disrupting either process around the time of learning prevents the formation of long-term memory. Recent evidence suggests that memory also becomes susceptible to disruption upon retrieval. Whether or not the molecular events involved in the(More)
Recent work has led to a better understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying the extinction of Pavlovian fear conditioning. Long-term synaptic changes in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) are critical for extinction learning, but very little is currently known about how the mPFC and other brain areas interact during extinction. The current study(More)
How the brain determines which memories are selected for long-term storage is critical for a full understanding of memory. One possibility is that memories are selected based on the history of activity and current state of neurons within a given memory circuit. Many in vitro studies have demonstrated metaplasticity-like effects whereby prior neuronal(More)
Benzodiazepines have been useful tools for investigating mechanisms underlying learning and memory. The present set of experiments investigates the role of hippocampal GABA(A)/benzodiazepine receptors in memory consolidation using Pavlovian fear conditioning. Rats were prepared with cannulae aimed at the dorsal hippocampus and trained with a series of white(More)
We examined whether protein kinase M zeta (PKMζ) inhibition in the amygdala permanently disrupts fear memory by testing retention at various intervals after PKMζ blockade. Although the expression of fear memory was disrupted when the inhibitor was applied shortly before testing, it had no effect when rats were tested with longer retention intervals. These(More)