Ryan F. Paterson

Learn More
Our purpose here is to test the hypothesis that Randall's plaques, calcium phosphate deposits in kidneys of patients with calcium renal stones, arise in unique anatomical regions of the kidney, their formation conditioned by specific stone-forming pathophysiologies. To test this hypothesis, we performed intraoperative biopsies of plaques in kidneys of(More)
OBJECTIVES To measure, in an in vitro study, the number of shock waves to complete comminution for 195 human stones, representing six major stone types. Not all renal calculi are easily broken with shock wave lithotripsy. Different types of stones are thought to have characteristic fragilities, and suggestions have been made in published reports of(More)
Introduction: Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) combined with mechanical morcellation represents the latest refinement of holmium:YAG surgical treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Utilizing this technique, even the largest of glands can be effectively treated with minimal morbidity. The learning curve remains an obstacle,(More)
BACKGROUND Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is performed on a routine basis for the rapid and efficient removal of large caliceal stones. After percutaneous puncture, rigid dilators or an inflatable balloon are used to dilate the nephrostomy tract to allow access to the collecting system for stone removal. Little is known of the acute impact of tract(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a well-accepted technique for removal of large or complex renal calculi. However, little attention has been paid to strategies for nephrostomy tube (NT) selection. We reviewed the reasons for selecting three types of NT after PCNL for large or complex stone disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS A(More)
OBJECTIVE Surgical treatment of kidney stones in an obese patient (body mass index [BMI] >30 kg/m(2)) remains challenging as shockwave lithotripsy may not be an option due to weight limitations. We sought to determine the effectiveness of ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy in obese patients compared to nonobese controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients from(More)
PURPOSE The current trend toward ungated shock wave lithotripsy means that more patients are being treated with shock waves delivered at a rapid rate (120 shock waves per minute or greater). However, no benefit of an increased shock wave rate has been shown and in vitro studies indicate that slowing the shock wave rate actually improves stone fragmentation.(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM) in patients treated with an unmodified HM-3 lithotripter (USWL) and a second-generation modified HM-3 lithotripter (MSWL) 20 years ago at our Centre with that in the provincial population. To determine whether the type of lithotripter was differentially associated with the(More)
OBJECTIVES To review the complications associated with 206 holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) procedures. HoLEP is a minimally invasive surgical treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia. METHODS A retrospective review was conducted of HoLEPs performed from April 1, 1999 to October 1, 2001. Patients with previous diagnoses of prostate(More)
PURPOSE Randall's plaques are common in calcium oxalate (CaOx) stone formers (SF). Plaque coverage correlates directly with urine calcium excretion and inversely with urine volume. We hypothesize that plaque coverage should increase proportionally with increasing stone number. We measured plaque areas in idiopathic CaOx stone formers and nonstone formers(More)